The biggest flock of mallard (stokkand) this winter were in the bay this morning, about 180 birds. A single slavonian grebe (horndykker) was also diving further out and a heron (gråhegre) was hunting amongst the seaweed from the shore.
Although I don’t consider myself primarily a forager, I do often forage my garden if that counts…I was still chuffed to be included in this top 5 foraging guides alongside my personal favourites, Sam Thayer and John Kallas as well as Ellen Zachos!
NB! The album and information at the bottom will be added to over the next couple of months (or more) When I was a student in Edinburgh in the late 70s, I started in earnest to learn the names of birds, butterflies and wild plants. Then, when I moved to Norway I became interested in fungi, but really didn’t have the time to learn more than the common and edible species. In the 1990s, developing what has become known as The Edible Garden, essentially a Forest Garden or Food Forest with a huge diversity of edible plants, a kind of Food Forest Ethno-Botanical Garden. I noticed that, with the diversity of food plants in the garden, there were many pollinators attracted to the flowers of some of the plants, some attracted to one species, others to many different plants. Some uncommon in this area birds and butterflies started turning up in my garden like a) the goldfinch (stillits) attracted to the seed of greater burdock / borre (Arctium lappa) which I had planted as a vegetable and b) the peacock butterfly (dagpåfugløye) which had only once been observed in my county before and I registered this beautiful species many times between 2006-2010; one of its larval foodplants is stinging nettle, a species I had actively encouraged in the wild parts of the garden as food and for making fertilizer (nettle water) and another is hops (Humulus lupulus) which I had planted several plants of. I had also planted a couple of Buddleja davidii (butterfly bush /sommerfuglbusk) plants for the butterflies. Mum and Dad had a bush in their garden when I was growing up and they had a framed butterfly poster on the wall so that the butterflies that turned up could be identified. This and the I-SPY book about birds they bought us certainly tweeked my interest in the natural world. The peacocks loved the Buddleja as well as the hemp agrimony (Eupatorium cannabinum) I had grown from seed collected from plants growing on the Itchen River in Hampshire (I had noticed how much butterflies loved this one) and which continued the season after the Buddleja was finished. I started wondering what other interesting insects were here. I had recorded a few moths that were attracted to the outside light, but I’d always wanted to know more of what was here that I wasn’t seeing. I therefore bought a Skinner Moth Trap and through the Corona crisis I’ve been systematically documenting moths that turn up in my garden (the moths are released afterwards). I’ve been absolutely stunned by the diversity that is here and to find out that a moth is here because I planted the larval food plant is particularly exciting. I’ll be gradually presenting the different species in this album as they turned up in the garden through the season starting in April. Below the album can be found a complete list of species and information about their larval food plants. 14th February 2021: A peculiarity of living so far north is that it is so light at night that moths are no longer attracted to light, so the period around mid-summer isn’t well documented. 19th February 2021: 19 of the first 25 species are new for my munipality, Malvik Kommune* the others all have beween 1 to 3 records previously!
The intention here is to document that producing food CAN be done in a way that also nurtures the nature of the place.
Moth List 1. Autumn Green Carpet / Lysirrmåler (Chloroclysta miata); registered from 7th-9th April and 12th September. Females overwinter; pupates in plant debris. Larval food plants: sallows (Salix), birches, alder, limes, wild roses, rowan and bilberry (selje, bjørk, or, lind, ville roser, rogn og blåbær); all of these can be found in my garden. NEW SPECIES FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE* 2. The Hebrew Character / Buemerket Seljefly (Orthosia gothica); 8th-23rd April. Overwinters in an underground coccoon with adult perfectly formed inside. Feeds on Salix flowers (Salix caprea grows in my garden). Larval food plants: a wide range of trees, bushes and herbaceous perennials including both meadowsweet (mjødurt) and stinging nettle (brennesle) which are both in the garden. NEW SPECIES FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE* 3. Common Quaker / Tverrlinjet Seljefly (Orthosia cerasi); April. Overwinters in an underground coccoon with adult perfectly formed inside. Feeds on Salix and Backthorn flowers. Larval food plants: oaks, Salix, birch, elms, hawthorn, sweet chestnut and hazel (all in the garden). NEW SPECIES FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE* 4. The Chestnut / Variabelt Flatfly (Conistra vaccinii); 8th – 21st April/ 3rd-11th October. Overwinters as adult. Feeds on Salix catkins and overripe berries. Larval food plants: oaks, elms, blackthorn, birch, sweet chestnut and docks (Rumex) (all in the garden). NEW SPECIES FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE* 5. Yellow Horned / Vårhalvspinner (Achlya flavicornis); 20th-21st April. Overwinters as a pupa in a coccoon among leaves on the ground. Feeds on Salix catkins. Larval food plants: Birch (Betula spp.) (in the garden). NEW SPECIES FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE* 6. Clouded Drab / Variabelt Seljefly (Orthosia incerta); 20th-22nd April. Overwinters in an underground coccoon with adult perfectly formed inside. Feeds on Salix catkins and blackthorn flowers (both in the garden). Larval food plants: Many broadleaved trees including oaks and Salix. NEW SPECIES FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE* 7. Early Tooth-striped / Bjørketungemåler (Trichopteryx carpinata); 20th April. Overwinters as a pupa, Feeds on Salix catkins. Larval food plants: Salix, birches, honeysuckle and alder (all found in the garden). NEW SPECIES FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE* 8. Red Sword-grass / Svartkantkvistfly (Xylena vetusta); 20th April and 21st-28th August. Overwinters as adult under bark and between rocks. Feeds on Salix catkins in spring. Larval food plants: Many woody and herbaceous plants including bog myrtle (Myrica gale) which is in the garden, heathers, yellow iris, sedges and rushes. SECOND RECORD FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE* (the last in 1955). 9. Red Chestnut / Fiolett Vårfly (Cerastis rubricosa); 20th April to 2nd May. Overwinters as pupa in a tough silk-lined cocoon. Larval food plants; Herbaceous and woody plants including bedstraws (Galium spp.), Salix spp. and bilberry (blåbær). NEW SPECIES FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE* 10. The Rannoch Sprawler / Vårlurvefly (Brachionycha nubeculosa); 20th April. Overwinters as a pupa underground (perhaps for more than a year). Larval food plants: Mature birch (bjørk) trees (there are some nice old birch trees in the garden). NEW SPECIES FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE* 11. Softly’s Shoulder-knot / Grått Kappefly (Lithophane consocia); 21st-22nd April. Overwinters as adult. Larval food plants: On alders / or (Alnus) especially Alnus incana (grey alder / gråor) (both single trees of Alnus rubra and Alnus viridis in the garden; Alnus incana is found wild just outside the garden and is a common tree). NEW SPECIES FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE* 12. The Satellite / Bølgefly (Eupsilia transversa); 21st April to 2nd May; 30th September. Overwinters as adult. A variety of broad-leaved trees and shrubs including blackthorn, hawthorn, hazel, field maple, sweet chestnut and elms (all of which are found in the garden). Notice the two small orange satellite dots around the large one, hence the English name. NEW SPECIES FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE* 13. Pine beauty / Furufly ( Panolis flammea); 22nd April. Overwinters as a pupa in a flimsy cocoon in leaf litter or beneath bark cracks. Larval food plants: Pinus spp. (one Norwegian pine, Pinus sylvestris in the garden, otherwise a common species in this area). Feeds especially on new shoots. NEW SPECIES FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE* 14. Scalloped Hazel / Tannmåler (Odontopera bidentata). 16th-22nd June. Overwinters as a pupa. Larval food plants: A wide range of woody plants including hazel, birch , hawthorn, blackthorn, oak, willows, barberry and even conifers (all in the garden). NEW SPECIES FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE* 15. The Streamer / Fiolett Rosemåler (Anticlea derivata). 16th June. Overwinters as a pupa in a coccoon in loose earth. Larval food plants: Roses (Rosa spp.) (about 7 or 8 species in the garden). NEW SPECIES FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE* 16. The Double-striped pug / knoppmåler (Gymnoscelis rufifasciata); 17th June; 8th-11th August. Overwinters in a pupa in plant debris. Larval food plants: flowers of many plants including holly, ivy, gorse, broom, heather, rowan, Clematis vitalba, Buddleja, Rosa spp., sea aster, Origanum vulgare (all apart from the first 4 are in the garden). NEW SPECIES FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE* 17. Brimstone Moth / Sitronmåler (Opisthograptis luteolata); 21st June. Some overwinter as part grown larvae on foodplant, others as pupae in cocoons on the plant or in debris below the plant. Larval food plants: Blackthorn, hawthorn, plums, rowan and wayfaring tree (Viburnum) (all found in the garden); note that the second picture was taken in my living room on 21st January 2014, one of only two observations of this moth as an adult in winter in Norway. SECOND RECORD FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE* (the other also recorded here). 18. Silverground carpet / Hvit Båndmåler (Xanthorhoe montanata); 21st June – 8th July. Overwinters as a larva. Larval food plants: Herbaceous plants such as cleavers, hedge bedstraw and primrose (all in the garden). FOURTH RECORD FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE* 19. Brown Rustic / Skyggefly (Charanyca ferruginea); 21st June to 11th July. Overwinters as a larva. Larval food plants: a wide range of herbaceous plants including vetches, plantains, docks and bistort (all and a good range of these can be found in the garden). NEW SPECIES FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE* 20. Mottled Beauty / Skogbarkmåler (Alcis repandata). 24th June to 21st August. Overwinters as a small larva on the food plant. Larval food plants: Many woody plants including blackthorn, hawthorn, oaks, birches, barberry, bilberry, bramble, honeysuckle, traveller’s joy (Clematis vitalba), juniper, Norway spruce. Also herbaceous plants such as St. John’s Wort, yarrow, wild Angelica and docks (first time registration in Malvik Kommune). NEW SPECIES FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE* 21. Beautiful Golden Y / Fiolettbrunt metallfly (Autographa pulchrina). 24th June to 3rd September. Overwinters as a small larva among leaf litter. Larval food plants: Various herbaceous plants including nettles, hedge woundwort (Stachys sylvatica), wood avens and honeysuckle (all can be found in the garden). SECOND RECORD FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE* 22. Small Magpie / Nesleengmott (Anania hortulata); 24th June to 18th July. Larval food plants: Nettles and occasionally other members of the Lamiaceae such as white horehound (Marrubium vulgare), black horehound (Ballotta nigra), woundworts (Stachys) and mints (Mentha) in a rolled or spun leaf (all of these can be found in the garden). SECOND RECORD FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE* 23. Dog’s Tooth / Brunt lundfly (Lacanobia suasa); 25th June. Overwinters as pupa underground. Larval food plants: Greater plantain (Plantago major) and goosefoots (Chenopodium). (both found in the garden). 24. Common carpet / Grå mauremåler (Epirrhoe alternata); 26th June. Overwinters as a pupa in a cocoon on the ground. Larval food plants: Cleavers (Galium aparine) and other bedstraws (Galium spp.). (several in the garden). SECOND RECORD FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE* (the last in 1986). 25. Flame carpet / Svartrandet båndmåler (Xanthorhoe designata); 26th June to 19th July. Overwinters as a pupa. Larval food plants: crucifers (Brassicaceae). NEW SPECIES FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE* 26. Map-winged swift / bregneroteter (Korscheltellus fusconebulosa); 27th June to 11th July. Overwinters twice as a larva and pupates underground. Larval food plants: on roots of bracken, red fescue and other broad-leaved herbs. (both common plants in this area) NEW SPECIES FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE* 27. Scalloped hook-tip / Fliksigdvinge (Falcaria lacertinaria); 27th June. Overwinters as a pupa in a cocoon in a folded leaf. Larval food plants: Birches (Betula spp.). NEW SPECIES FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE* 28. Liten kongledvergmåler (Eupithecia analoga); 28th June. Overwinters as a pupa. Lives on galls produced by aphids. Larval food plants: Norway spruce (Picea abies). NEW SPECIES FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE* 29. Riband wave / Vinkelengmåler (Idaea aversata); 27th June to 31st July. Overwinters as a small larva. Larval food plants: various herbaceous plants like bedstraws (Galium spp.), wood avens (Geum urbanum), primrose, dandelion and docks (Rumex spp.). SECOND RECORD FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE* 30. The Spectacle / Grått neslefly (Abrostola tripartita); 30th June. Overwinters as pupa among plant debris or low down behind bark. Larval food plant: Stinging nettle (Urtica dioica). NEW SPECIES FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE* 31. Silver Y / Gammafly (Autographa gamma); 30th June to 11th October. A migratory moth which is very common here and a day flier visiting various garden plants, notably Buddleja and Monarda. Larval food plants: Wild and cultivated herbaceous plants including bedstraws (Galium), clovers (Trifolium) and Nettles (Urtica). Also on vegetables such as peas, cabbage and runner beans (but I haven’t experienced problems with it). 32. Garden pebble / Kålmott (Evergestis forficalis); 30th June to 15th July. Larval food plants: Various Brassicaceae including cabbages, horseradish, radishes and swede (all in the garden). NEW SPECIES FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE* in 2019 (Second record for Trøndelag county and furthest north record in Norway) 33. Purple clay / Rødfrynset teglfly (Diarsia brunnea); 1st to 14th July. Overwinters as a small larva. Larval food plants: Herbaceous plants in autumn including foxglove and figworts (Scrophularia spp.) (both in the garden). In spring also on woody plants like bilberry, heather, Salix spp., bramble and birches (the last 3 in the garden). NEW SPECIES FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE* 34. Double dart / Krattfly (Graphiphora augur); 5th July to 8th August. Overwinters as a small larva. Larval food plants: Salix spp., birches, blackthorn, hawthorn and herbs such as docks (Rumex) (all in the garden). SECOND RECORD FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE* (first in 2019)
Most days recently there’s been a resting flock of about 120 mallard (stokkand) below the house. Today, I noticed one that was signficantly smaller: a teal (krikkand)…a new species spotted from the house. They overwinter up here in small numbers.
Sea smoke has formed over the fjord in the current cold spell. Locally, thanks to the warming affect of the fjord it didn’t go much below -15C in the night. It’s significantly colder on the other side of the fjord where it was about -20C this morning, cold air (below -30C currently inland) sinking along the major river valley (Stjørdalselven) into the fjord basin. Sea smoke forms when a light wind of very cold air mixes with a shallow layer of saturated warm air immediately above the warmer water. The warmer air is cooled beyond the dew point and can no longer hold as much water vapor, so the excess condenses out. The effect is similar to the “steam” produced over a hot bath or a hot drink, or even an exercising person (Wikipedia). Thus, it’s confined to the water and we almost never have fog on land here. The smoke tends to form thickest on the other side of the fjord where it’s coldest. The sea smoke was constantly changing this morning, witness these pictures and the video where the low lying smoke drifts quickly from land to fjord, whereas the waves that can be seen are coming from a different direction, probably driven by the sinking air (wind) coming out of the river valley in a different direction.
11th February: Still cold at -15C this morning (¨20C on the other side of the fjord and down to -40C inland). Two new videos added below (at the top):
It’s not often one sees mice foraging in the middle of the day. This one has been tentatively ID’d as a yellow-necked mouse (stor skogmus) (Apodemus flavicollis) by the experts. The first video is selected footage slowed down to 1/10 of normal speed, the second is the original speed.
WELCOME TO MY NEW SEED TRADE LIST FOR WINTER 2020-21, THIS YEAR WITH 334 VARIETIES 18, 19, 20 indicate the harvesting year for the seed. Concerning seed quantity: as I don’t have many plants of each species, seed quantity is limited in most cases. Therefore, for some species you may only get a few seeds. Many species are harvested in my garden. Others are surplus from trade and purchase. OUT: Means out of stock. NB! Cultivars do not always come true. I offer them anyway, but no guarantees to what you will get! NOTE: I don’t sell seed and I won’t be doing many trades this winter due to a busy schedule. However, I offer all plus many more to members of Norwegian Seed Savers (KVANN) through our spring (February) “yearbook” and autumn catalogue. To become a member go to https://kvann.no/bli-med. It costs only kr. 250 / year plus postage and packing. For trades, I am mainly interested in uncommon hardy perennials, but I may also be interested in annuals. NB! Not all plants in this list are edible, although almost all are! Botanical name / Cultivar / Year of Harvest / Info Allium hookeri var muliense 20 Abelmoschus esculentus Silver Queen 19 Adenophora bulleyana 18 Adenophora pereskiifolia alba 18 Adenophora tashiroi 18 Adenophora triphylla var japonica Alba 20 Adenophora triphylla var japonica 19 Adenostyles alpina 19 Alcea rosea 18 Allium acuminatum 18 Allium aflatunense 18 From Kyrgyzstan Allium albidum 18 From Kaukasus Allium altaicum 20 Allium amethystinum Ex-Forelock 18 Allium amphibolum 20 Allium anisotepalum 18 From Kyrgyzstan Allium atroviolaceum 20 Allium barsczewskii 18 Allium bekeczalicum 19 From Kyrgyzstan Allium bekeczalicum x alaicum 19 From Kyrgyzstan Allium brevicaule 19 From Tyrkia Allium brevistylum 20 Allium caeruleum Leucanthum 20 Allium caesium 19 From Kyrgyzstan Allium canadense 20 Bulbils Allium carolinianum 20 Allium cepa Newburg onion 19 From Experimental Farm Network i USA; se https://www.adaptiveseeds.com/product/vegetables/onions/onion-newburg-organic Allium cernuum Høg Miks 19 Allium cernuum mix 19 Allium cretaceum 19 From Kazakhstan Allium cyathophorum 20 Allium darwasicum 19 From Tajikistan Allium decipiens 18 Allium douglasii 19 Allium erubescens 19 From Kaukasus Allium fedtschenkoanum 20 Wild collecred Tajikstan Allium fetisowii 19 Allium fistulosum Auen 4 19 Direkte From Nordgen, NGB20168 Allium fistulosum Bygland 19 Direkte From Nordgen, NGB20167 Allium fistulosum Neset 19 Nordgen, NGB14622 Allium fistulosum Leppasyrja 19 Nordgen, NGB24270 Allium fistulosum “Mix” 20 Mix of 20 accessions; can be delivered individually, men likely to have crossed Allium flavescens 18 Open pollinated Allium flavum Miks 19 Mix or individually; likely to have crossed Allium fuscoviolaceum 18 From Armenia Allium globosum 19 From Kaukasus Allium gultschense 19 From Kyrgyzstan Allium gunibicum 19 From Kaukasus Allium hymenorrhizum 20 Allium insubricum 19 Allium jesdianum “Akbulak” 19 Can have crossed Allium karataviense 19 Allium karataviense 19 From Caucasus Allium karelinii 19 From IPK Gatersleben Allium ledebourianum 20 Likely to have crossed with Allium schoenoprasum Allium lenkoranicum 19 Allium lipskyanum 19 Allium lusitanicum 18 From Alpengarten im Belvedere Allium lusitanicum from Moravia 20 Allium macranthum 19 Allium mairei 19 Allium maximowiczii 18 Allium moly Eks “Jeannine” 20 Allium nigrum 19 Allium nutans Ex-“Lena” 19 Allium nutans 18 Ex-Berkutenko Allium nutans x flavescens 19 Uncertain parents; white flowers ( From Kazakhstan) Open pollinated Allium obliquum 19 Allium oschaninii 20 From Kyrgyzstan Allium ovalifolium var. leuconervum 20 Allium paczoskianum 19 Allium paniculatum 19 Allium platyspathum 19 Allium porrum Monstruoso de Carentan 18 For milde strøk Allium praescissum 19 Allium przewalskianum 20 Allium regelii 19 Allium rosenbachianum 19 From Tajikstan Allium rotundum 19 From Kazakhstan Allium rotundum subsp jajlae 19 Allium sarawschanicum 19 From Tajikstan Allium saxatile 19 From Kaukasus Allium schoenoprasoides 20 Allium schoenoprasum Dolores Chives 19 From Experimental Farm Network Allium schoenoprasum Ex-Black Pedicels 18 Allium schoenoprasum Praga 18 Russisk frø Allium schoenoprasum Erecta 18 Russisk frø Allium schoenoprasum subsp sibiricum 20 Could have crossed with other Allium schoenoprasum; From Hokkaido, Japan Allium schoenoprasum var orientale 20 Allium severtzovioides 19 From Kyrgyzstan Allium sewerzowii 19 From Kazakhstan Allium spirale 19 From Russian Far East Allium splendens 20 Allium stenodon 18 Allium stipitatum 20 Could have crossed with other Allium stipitatum Allium stipitatum Mount Everest 20 Allium stipitatum Ex-“Goliath” 20 Could have crossed with Goliath Allium strictum 18 From Kazakhstan Allium suaveolens 19 Allium suworowii 18 From Kyrgyzstan Allium thunbergii “Ozawa” 19 Allium tianschanicum 19 From Kazakhstan Allium trachyscordum 18 From Kyrgyzstan Allium triquetrum 18 Allium unifolium 19 Allium ursinum 18 Allium victorialis 20 Mix of 8 accessions; Mix or individually; likely to have crossed Allium wallichii 20 Mix of 3 accessions; Mix or individually; likely to have crossed Allium winklerianum 19 Allium zebdanense 20 Althaea officinalis 18 Amaranthus “Mix” 18 Amaranthus chlorostachys 18 Amphicarpaea bracteata 20 Anemone rivularis 18 Anredera cordifolia 20 Tuber Aquilegia chrysantha 19 Arabis alpina 19 Aralia californica 20 Aralia cordata “Malvik” 20, 19 Arctium lappa 19 Uknown Japanese cultivar Asphodelus albus 18 Atriplex hortensis BRITAS TRÄDGÅRDSMÅLLA 19 Nordgen, NGB11726 Barbarea verna American Land Cress 18 Barbarea vulgaris Variegata 19 Begonia heracleifolia var nigricans 20 Boehmeria gigantea 18 Boehmeria sieboldiana 18 Brassica juncea Leaf Heading Mustard 19 Gift from Seed Savers Exchange Brassica juncea Giant Red 18 Brassica oleracea Ex-Tree collards Flerårige Kål 19 Likely to have crossed with other perennial kales Brassica oleracea Broccolini 17 Brassica oleracea Branchu de L’Embarras 17 Brassica oleracea Ex-Asturian Trekål 20 Likely to have crossed with other perennial kales Brassica oleracea Myrrhis Flerårige Kål 20 Brassica oleracea Ex -Pentland Brig 19 Likely to have crossed with other perennial kales Brassica oleracea Ex- Heligoland Flerårige Kål 19 Likely to have crossed with other perennial kales Brassica oleracea Ex- Cottager’s Flerårige Kål 19 Likely to have crossed with other perennial kales Brassica oleracea Ex-Daubenton Flerårige Kål x Late Purple Sprouting Brokkoli 19 Likely to have crossed with other perennial kales Brassica oleracea Asturian Trekål 18 Brassica oleracea Couve Galega 18 From Portugal Brassica oleracea Couve Galega 18 #2 From Portugal Brassica oleracea Daubenton Grex 17 Brassica oleracea Homesteaders Perennial Kale 17 From Chris Homanics in Oregon Brassica rapa Cima di Rapa Sessantina 16 Broussonettia kazinoki 18 Bryonia alba 18 Buddleja davidii 18 Calamintha grandiflora Variegata 19 Calochortus macrocarpus macrocarpus 19 Calochortus palmeri palmeri 19 Caltha palustris himalensis 18 Campanula “Pink Octopus” 19 Campanula latifolia Miks 19 Campanula punctata Ex-“Rubrifolia” 19 Campanula trachelium “Bernice” 19 Capsicum annuum Ausilio Thin Skin Italian Pepper 20 Gift from Seed Savers Exchange Capsicum annuum Midnight Sun 17 Capsicum annuum Sibirsche Hauspaprika 17 Carum carvi Rosa blomstret 20 My breeding line Carum carvi Rotkarve 20 My breeding line Cedronella canariensis 18 Centaurea solstitialis 18 Chelidonium majus 20 Chenopodium bonus-henricus 19 Chenopodium bonus-henricus 19 From IPK Gatersleben: CHEN75 Chenopodium quinoa Stephe 19 Selected by Stephen Barstow in Malvik over 30 years. From a variety Dave Chrysanthemum coronarium 20 Mix of varieties Cicerbita plumieri 19 Cichorium endivia Cornet de Bordeaux 17 Cichorium intybus Catalogna Gigante di Chioggia 19 Cichorium intybus Bianca 17 Cichorium intybus Rossa di Verona Sel. Arca 17 Cichorium intybus Da Taglio Bionda a Foglie Larghe 16 Cirsium eriophorum 19 Cirsium oleraceum 20 Cladrastis kentuckea 19 Claytonia virginiana 18 Clematis alpina 18 Not edible Clinipodium vulgare 18 Commelina coelestis Alba 20 Conopodium majus 20 Cornus mas Elegant 20 Early variety Cornus mas From Ringve 19 Crambe maritima 20 Mix of varieties Cucurbita maxima Hokkaido 19 Cucurbita maxima Sweet Fall 19 Gift from Seed Savers Exchange Cucurbita pepo Paydon Heirloom Acorn 19 Gift from Seed Savers Exchange Diplotaxis tenuifolia 20 Diplotaxis tenuifolia Wasabi Arugula 18 Diplotaxis tenuifolia Wildfire 18 Diplotaxis tenuifolia Dragon’s Fire 18 Diplotaxis tenuifolia Heirloom Rustic Style 18 Dystaenia takesimina 20 Eleutherococcus sessiliflorus 19 Elsholtzia ciliata 20 Erythronium oregonum subsp leucandrum 19 Eschscholzia californica 18 Fagopyrum tataricum 20 Filipendula ulmaria Variegata 20 Foeniculum vulgare 20 Fuertesimalva limensis 18 Gentiana lutea 18 Girardinia septentrionalis 18 Gladiolus caucasicus 20 Not edible Hablitzia tamnoides Miks 20 Mix of 10 accessions; Mix or individually; likely to have crossed Heracleum sphondylium x sibiricum 20 Hosta gracilima 18 Hosta sieboldiana 20 Hypericum perforatum 20 Inula helenium 20 Lactuca sativa Jebousek 19 Gift from Seed Savers Exchange Lactuca sativa Veneziana 19 Lactuca sativa Freckles 18 Lactuca sativa Rossa Ricciolina da Taglio 18 Lactuca sativa Navarra 16 Lepidium latifolium 18 Lepidium sativum 20 Leucanthemum maximum Alaska 18 Libertia grandiflora 19 Not edible Ligularia dentata 18 Ligularia dentata “Desdemona” 18 Ligularia fischeri 20 Ligularia sachalinensis 18 Lilium Ex-Black Dragon 18 Uncertain edibility Lilium martagon Tsingense 19 Lonicera iliense 20 Uncertain edibility Lycopersicon esculentum Imur Prior Beta 18 Gift to KVANN From Heritage Seed Library in the UK (claimed to be a Norwegian variety but this is uncertain) Lycopus asper 18 Malva mohileviensis 18 Malva moschata 20 Malva verticillata 18 Medicago sativa Cache Valley Alfalfa 19 From Experimental Farm Network i USA Mertensia ciliata 19 Mertensia paniculata 18 Nicandra physalodes 19 Nicotiana rustica 18 Not edible Nicotiana africana 18 Not edible Nicotiana kawakamii 18 Not edible Nicotiana repanda 18 Not edible Nicotiana velutina 18 Not edible Oplopanax horridus 20 Ornithogalum pyrenaicum Fra Metz, Frankrike 19 Osmorhiza longistylis 20 Uncertain species Oxalis tuberosa Rød 20 1 knoll hver; Rotgrønnsak From Andesfjellene; trenger lang frostfri høst. Jeg dyrker i store bøtter som flyttes inn i huset i oktober og høstes i juletida Oxalis tuberosa Gul 20 1 knoll hver; Rotgrønnsak From Andesfjellene; trenger lang frostfri høst. Jeg dyrker i store bøtter som flyttes inn i huset i oktober og høstes i juletida Parasenecio hastatus 19 For the woodland garden Parasenecio hastatus subsp orientalis Ex-“Shiro Sankou Hakikomi Fu” 19 For the woodland garden Parietaria judaica 18 Pastanica sativa 20 Unknown variety Phaseolus vulgaris Anasazi Bean 19 Wikipedia: Anasazi beans are a dappled red and white bean first cultivated by Ancestral Puebloan people around 130 CE in what is now the Four Corners region of the United States. They were adopted by commercial growers beginning in the 1980s and marketed under the name “Anasazi”; traditionally they were known by the Spanish names frijol conejo (rabbit bean), vaquita (little cow), or pajaro carpintero (woodpecker) Physalis Indian Strain 20 Grown indoors in Malvik; seed from 10 year old, 2m high plants Physalis spp. 19 From Eric Toensmeier, Holyoke, USA Phyteuma globariifolium 20 Wild collected in Austria Phyteuma nigra 20 Phyteuma orbiculare 20 Phyteuma persicifolium 18 Phyteuma scheuchzeri 19 From IPK Gatersleben PH1 Phyteuma sieberi 20 Wild collected in Dolomites Italy Phyteuma spicatum 20 Phytolacca americana 18 Pisum sativum Carouby de Maussane 20 Pisum sativum Askerert (=Ringeriksert?) 20 Pisum sativum Chinese Snow Pea 20 Pisum sativum Jærert 20 From Torfinn Leikvoll 2011 Pisum sativum Marie’s Høye 20 NGB20121; Read about this one here: https://tinyurl.com/y4q3uzns Pisum sativum Purple Podded 20 Pisum sativum Ringeriksert 20 NGB17881 Pisum sativum Robinson 20 Pisum sativum Rättviksärt 20 NGB17879 Pisum sativum Salmon Flowered 20 Pisum sativum Slikkerten fra Våler 20 NGB20044 Pisum sativum SVARTBJÖRSBYN 20 Sugar Pea; NGB17837 From Agneta Magnusson in Sesam 2020 Pisum sativum Winterkefen 20 Pisum sativum Dwarf Grey 19 Pisum sativum Green Beauty Snow 19 Pisum sativum Hurst Green Shaft 19 Pisum sativum Sugar Magnolia 19 From Alan Kapuler Pisum sativum Sugar Snap Cascadia 19 Prenanthes spp. 19 Primula japonica “Mix” 18 Primula veris 18 Proboscidea louisianica ssp fragrans 20 Prunus tomentosa 18 Raphanus sativus Runder Schwarzer Vinter 19 Raphanus sativus Purple Plum 18 Raphanus sativus China Rose 16 Raphanus sativus Minowase 16 Rheum ribes 19 Rhus glabra 19 Ribes heterotrichum 20 Rorippa amphibia 18 Rorippa palustris 18 Rosa canina 19 Rosa ecae 19 Rosa platyacantha 19 Rumex acetosa Russisk miks 20 Mix of 6 Russian varieties Rumex acetosa Belleville 19 Rumex acetosa Champion 19 Rumex acetosa Shirokolistny 18 Rumex crispa 20 Rumex patientia 20 Rumex scutatus 18 Ruta graveolens 19 Salvia sclarea 18 Sanguisorba canadensis 19 Sanguisorba menziesii 18 Saxifraga pensylvanica 19 Scandix pecten-veneris 20 Scorzonera hispanica Miks 20 Mix of 6 varieties grown in Væres Community Garden Silene uniflora 18 Silybum marianum 20 Smilax rotundifolia 18 Solanum spp. Gbognome Greens 19 From Experimental Farm Network i USA Sonchus oleraceus Alba 20 Streptopus amplexifolius 20 Taraxacum albidum 19 Taraxacum californonicum 20 Taraxacum officinale Vert de Montmagny 16 Taraxacum rubifolium 19 Taraxacum sublaciniosum Delikatess (Moss-leaved) 20 Tellima grandiflora 18 Thalictrum aquilegifolium 18 Tigridia pavoniana 19, 20 Tragopogon samaritanii 20 Urtica circularis 18 Urtica galeopsifolia 18 Almost stingless Urtica kioviensis 18 Viburnum cassinioides 19 Vicia faba 20 Tilby en miks av former From KVANNs demonstrasjonshagen hos Væres Venner i Trondheim. Et bilde av mangfoldet av former vises her: https://www.edimentals.com/blog/?p=27037 Viola kamtschadalorum 19 Viola pumila 19 From Kyrgyzstan Youngia japonica 18 Zea mays Pink and Purple Popcorn 19 Gave From Seed Savers Exchange
Feeding birds in winter isn’t necessarily a good thing and at least one study has shown that birds lay lower numbers of eggs when fed well, perhaps due to an unnatural unbalanced oil-rich diet: https://blog.nature.org/science/2015/01/05/winter-bird-feeding-good-or-bad-for-birds However, there are many studies showing the opposite. But is good winter survival and artificially high populations necessarily a good thing apart from entertaining us and increasing awareness of the natural world. Then there’s the spread of disease at bird feeders as with the greenfinch (grønnfink) in the UK (populations plummeted and bird feeders no doubt contributed to the spread). That birds are discouraged from migrating and stay in the same area year round can also lead to greater exposure to disease. But what about the production of bird food? That happens often in large fields, mostly using conventional BigAg non-organic systems which directly impacts local bird populations by pesticides and habitat loss. Here in Norway, little of the bird feed is grown in-country. For these reasons, I try as far as possible to provide natural food for the birds so that they can find alternatives and I can delay putting out food as long as possible. Home grown apples are put out for the thrushes, I tidy seed heads in spring and nettle seeds loved by finches are allowed to hang all winter. Local grain can also be put out for yellowhammers (gulspurv). In the case of goldfinches (stillits), their main food is burdock (borre) and I have introduced Arctium lappa (greater burdock / storborre) to my garden for them and greenfinches (grønnfink). However, at this time of year they tend to move over to the birdfeeder. Here’s a couple of videos from the weekend of these beautiful birds that once were rare in this part of Norway, but are becoming more common each year. See other goldfinch posts here: https://www.edimentals.com/blog/?s=goldfinch