All posts by Stephen Barstow

Latest ever garlic planting

It seemed that it was going to be spring before I could plant my garlic this year after the soil froze solid at the end of October, taking me by surprise! Then a long mild period starting at Xmas, the soil finally became workable the day before leaving for England and I got all my varieties planted, although I was unable to mix in compost as the compost heap was still frozen! About 10 varieties this year! This is the latest I’ve planted garlic since I planted my first shop bought garlic in 1984!


17, 18, 19 in brackets indicates the harvesting year for the seed. Concerning seed quantity: as I don’t have many plants of each species, seed quantity is limited in most cases. Therefore, for some species you may only get a few seeds. Many species are harvested in my garden. Others are surplus from trade and purchase. OUT: Means out of stock.  NB! Cultivars do not always come true. I offer them anyway, but no guarantees to what you will get!  NB! Traditional vegetables are at the end of the list with (mostly) common English names first.
NOTE: I don’t sell seed and I won’t be doing many trades this winter due to a busy schedule. However, I offer all plus many more to members of Norwegian Seed Savers (KVANN) through our spring (February) year book and autumn catalogue. To become a member go to http.// and click on “Bli med”. It costs kr. 250 / year plus postage and packing.
For trades, I am mainly interested in uncommon hardy perennials, but I may also be interested in annuals.
NB! Not all plants in this list are edible, although almost all are!

Botanical Name (year of harvest)

Aconitum lycoctonum (17) Poisonous
Adenophora bulleyana  (18)
Adenophora khasiana  (17)
Adenophora lilliifolia  (17)
Adenophora pereskiifolia alba(17)
Adenophora remotiflora (17)
Adenophora tashiroi  (17)
Adenophora triphylla v japonica (17)
Adenostyles alpina (17)
Agastache foeniculum (19)
Agastache rugosa (18)
Akebia quinata (19)
Alcea rosea (18)
Allium acuminatum (18)
Allium aflatunense (18)
Allium albidum (18)
Allium amethystinum “Forelock” (18)
Allium anisotepalum (19)
Allium atroviolaceum (18)
Allium barsczewskii (18)
Allium bekeczalicum (19)
Allium bekeczalicum x alaicum (19)
Allium brevicaule (19)
Allium caesium Ex-Kyrgyzstan  (19)
Allium canadense bulbils (19)
Allium carinatum pulchellum (18)
Allium carinatum pulchellum “Album” (19,18)
Allium carolinianum (19) (2 accessions)
Allium cernuum mix (19)
Allium cernuum ‘Tall Mix’ (17)
Allium cretaceum (19)
Allium darwasicum (19)
Allium decipiens (18)
Allium erubescens (18)
Allium cf. erubescens (19)
Allium fetisowii (18)
Allium fistulosum Ex-“Auen 4” (18)
Allium fistulosum Ex-“Bygland” (18)
Allium fistulosum Ex-“Gribovskij 21” (18)
Allium fistulosum Ex-“Leppasyrja” (18)
Allium fistulosum Ex-“Neset” (18)
Allium fistulosum Ex-“Svenskelauk” (17) (Norwegian heirloom onion)
Allium flavescens (18) (Open pollinated hybrid)
Allium flavum (18,17) several varieties
Allium fuscoviolaceum (19)
Allium globosum (19)
Allium gultschense (19)
Allium gunibicum (19)
Allium hymenorrhizum (19)
Allium insubricum (19)
Allium jajlae (19)
Allium jesdianum “Akbulak” (19)
Allium karataviense (19) 2 accessions
Allium karelinii (19)
Allium korolkowii (19)
Allium lenkoranicum (19)
Allium lipskyanum (19)
Allium macranthum (19)
Allium macrostemon var uralense (18)
Allium mairei (18)
Allium maximowiczii (18)
Allium nutans “Ex-Berkutenko” (18)
Allium nutans Ex-“Caroline” (19)
Allium nutans “Isabelle” (19)
Allium nutans Ex-“Lena” (17)
Allium nutans Ex-“Russia/A305” (19)
Allium nutans / flavescens hybrid? (Kazakhstan) (white flowers) (19)
Allium obliquum (19)
Allium oschaninii (19)
Allium ovalifolium (17)
Allium ovalifolium var. leuconeurum (19)
Allium paczoskianum (19)
Allium paniculatum (19)
Allium paradoxum normale (17) Two accessions
Allium platyspathum (19)
Allium praescissum (19)
Allium pskemense x cepa (19)
Allium ramosum (19)
Allium rotundum (19)
Allium rosenbachianum (19)
Allium sarawschanicum (19)
Allium saxatile (19)
Allium schoenoprasoides Ex-Kazakhstan (19)
Allium schoenoprasum “Bergsbygrenda” (17) Norwegian heirloom
Allium schoenoprasum “Black Pedicels” (17)
Allium schoenoprasum “Bohemia” (17)
Allium schoenoprasum “Erecta” (17)
Allium schoenoprasum “Prazska” (17)
Allium schubertii (17)
Allium severtzovioides (19)
Allium sewerzowii (19)
Allium spirale (19)
Allium splendens (19)
Allium stenodon (18)
Allium stipitatum “Goliath” (19)
Allium stipitatum “Mount Everest” (19)
Allium strictum (18)
Allium suaveolens (19)
Allium thunbergii “Ozawa” (19)
Allium tianschanicum (19)
Allium trachyscordum (18)
Allium triquetrum (18)
Allium tuberosum(19)
Allium unifolium (18)
Allium ursinum (18)
Allium victorialis ‘Granvin, SW Norway’ (18) Wild collected
Allium victorialis ‘Ex-Hopen, Norway’ (17)
Allium victorialis ‘Ex-Lofoten’ (18)
Allium victorialis “Ex-Massif Central” (19)
Allium victorialis ‘Ex-Ringve’ (19)
Allium victorialis “Ex-Tei, Japan” (19)
Allium wallichii (19)  Several OP accessions
Althaea officinalis (17) 2 accessions
Amaranthus chlorostachys (18, 17)
Amaranthus “Mix” (18)
Anemone rivularis (18)
Angelica archangelica ssp archangelica v. Majorum “Vossakvann” (18)K (Voss Angelica) “Bordalen” plus one other accession
Aquilegia chrysantha (19)
Arabis alpina (18,17)
Aralia californica (19, 18)
Aralia cordata (19) (Edible Garden)
Aralia cordata (18) (Other accessions)
Arctium lappa (19)
Arctium lappa (19) 4 accessions wild collected Østlandet, Norway
Armeria maritima (17)
Asparagus officinalis “3lb Coffee Can” (19) from Seed Savers Exchange
Asphodelus albus (18)
Atriplex hortensis “Britas Tradgardsmalla” (18)
Atriplex hortensis “Lilla Næstvedskole” (18)
Barbarea vulgaris “Variegata” (19)
Basella alba “Red” (16)
Begonia heracleifolia var nigricans (19)
Beta maritima (17) from Cornwall, UK
Boehmeria gigantea (18)
Boehmeria sieboldiana (18)
Broussonetia kazinoki (18)
Buddleja davidii (18)
Bunias erucago (17)
Calamintha grandiflora (19)
Calamintha grandiflora “Variegata” (19)
Caltha palustris himalensis (18)
Camassia leichtlinii v azurea (19)
Campanula americana (17)
Campanula cervicaria (17)
Campanula glomerata “Alba”(19)
Campanula latifolia macrantha (18)
Campanula latifolia “Mix” (19)
Campanula medium (17)
Campanula persicifolia (19)
Campanula punctata Ex-“Rubrifolia”(19)
Campanula rapunculus (17)
Capsicum cardenasii (18)
Carum carvi “Pink flowered” (19)
Cedronella canariensis
Centaurea solstitialis (18)
Chaerophyllum bulbosum (19)
Chelidonium majus (18)
Chenopodium bonus-henricus (18); 2 accessions
Chenopodium giganteum (17)
Chenopodium formosanum (17) (Taiwanese Quinoa)
Cicerbita alpina (18)
Cicerbita plumieri (18)
Cirsium canum (17)
Cirsium eriophorum (19)
Cirsium tuberosum (19)
Cladrastis kentuckea (19)
Claytonia virginiana (19)
Clematis alpina (18)
Clinipodium chinense v parviflorum (17)  From Japan
Clinipodium vulgare (18)
Commelina coelestis (19)
Cornus mas (19)
Crambe cordifolia (18)
Crambe maritima (19, 18,17)
Crataegus rotundifolius (17)
Cryptotaenia japonica “Atropurpurea” (19)
Darmera peltata (17)
Dianthus albus (17)
Elsholtzia ciliata (18,17)S
Eleutherococcus sessiliflorus (19)
Eschscholzia californica (18)
Eupatorium cannabinum (18)
Fragaria vesca “ECOS” (17)
Fragaria virginiana “ECOS” (17)
Fuertesimalva limensis (17)
Gentiana lutea (17)
Geranium thunbergii (17)
Girardinia cuspidata (17)
Girardinia septentrionalis (17)
Hablitzia tamnoides (Mixed) (19, 18)
Heracleum maximum (19)
Hosta clausa var normale (19)
Hosta “Frances Williams”  (H. sieboldiana “blood”) (18,17)
Hosta helonioides (18)
Hosta sieboldiana Mix (18)
Humulus lupulus (19) (Wild, Wisconsin)
Hosta gracilima (18)
Hyssopus officinalis “Roseus” (18)
Inula helenium (17)
Kalimeris incisa “Madiva” (17, 16)
Lavatera arborea variegata (17)
Leonurus cardiaca (19, 17)
Lepidium ferganense (19)
Lepidium latifolium (18)
Leucanthemum maximum “Alaska” (16)
Levisticum officinale (19)
Ligularia dentata (18)
Ligularia dentata “Desdemona” (18)
Ligularia fischeri (18, 17)
Ligularia sachalinensis (19)
Lilium Ex-Black Dragon (19)
Lilium martagon album (19)
Lilium regale (18)
Lycopus asper (17)
Malva mohileviensis (18,17)
Malva moschata (19)
Malva moschata “Wild from Kløfta, Norway” (17)
Malva subovata (17)
Malva verticillata (18)
Mertensia ciliata (19)
Mertensia paniculata (18)
Nicandra physalodes (18)
Nicotiana africana (18) Not edible
Nicotiana kawakamii (18) Not edible
Nicotiana repanda (18) Not edible
Nicotiana rotundifolia (18) Not edible
Nicotiana rustica (18) Not edible
Nicotiana velutina (18) Not edible
Nigella sativa “Hamar” (19) Hardy cultivar
Orychophragmus violaceus (17)
Ornithogalum pyrenaicum (19); wild collected, Metz, France
Oxyria digyna (18) fra Sikkim
Papaver somniferum “Mix” (19)
Parasenecio hastatus (19)
Parasenecio hastatus ssp orientalis Ex-“Shiro Sankou Hakikomi Fu” (variegated) (19)
Parietaria judaica (18)
Persicaria virginiana “Painter’s Palette” (17)
Peucedanum japonicum Ex-“Haki Komi Fu” (19)Variegated
Phyteuma nigra (18)
Phyteuma orbiculare (19,18,17)
Phyteuma ovatum (18)
Phyteuma persicifolia (19)
Phyteuma scheuchzeri (18)
Phyteuma spicatum (19)
Phytolacca americana (18)
Pinguicula grandiflora (18)
Plantago coronopus (18) Portugal
Plantago maritima (18) Portugal
Plantago major “Purpurea Crispa” (18)
Plantago regelii (18)
Platycodon grandiflorus “Mix Double Hybrids” (19)
Polygonatum alpinum (18)
Primula elatior “Magenta” (17)
Primula japonica “Mix” (18)
Primula japonica “Miller’s Crimson” (18)
Primula kewensis (17)
Primula sieboldii Mix (17)
Primula veris (18)
Prunus tomentosa (18)
Pycnanthemum virginianum (17)
Prunus tomentosa (18)
Rheum alexandrae (19) Few
Rheum ribes (18, 19)
Rheum webbianum (18)
Rorippa amphibia (18)
Rorippa palustris (18)
Rosa ecae (19)
Rosa platyacantha (19)
Rubus idaeus “Sunset” (17)
Rubus occidentalis “Black Hawk” (17)
Rubus phoenicolasius (17)
Rudbeckia occidentalis (17)
Rudbeckia occidentalis “Green Wizard” (17)
Rumex acetosa “Belleville” (18)
Rumex acetosa “Champion” (18)
Rumex acetosa “Krupolistny” (17)
Rumex acetosa “Shirokolistny” (18)
Rumex acetosa “Russian variety mix” (19)
Rumex crispa (19, 18)
Rumex patientia (19,18,17)
Rumex scutatus (18)
Salvia sclarea (18)
Sanguisorba canadensis (17)
Sanguisorba menziesii (18)
Sanguisorba minor (17)
Sanguisorba officinalis (17)
Sanguisorba officinalis “Tanna” (17)
Sanguisorba stipulata (17)
Saponaria officinalis (17)
Saponaria officinalis “Pink” (18)
Saxifraga pensylvanica (19)
Scabiosa japonica var alpina (17)
Sidalcea oregana (17)
Sideritis syriaca (19,18, 17)
Silene uniflora (17)
Silene uniflora “Islandica” (17)
Silybum marianum (19)
Sium sisarum (19) (Skirret)
Smilax rotundifolia (19)
Sonchus kirkii (17)
Sonchus palustris (17)
Stachys palustris (17) from Hurdal
Streptopus amplexifolius (19)
Streptopus amplexifolius var papillatus (19)
Taraxacum albidum (19)
Taraxacum ceratophorum (18)
Taraxacum officinale “Moss-leaved” (19,18)
Taraxacum pseudoroseum (19, 18)
Taraxacum rubifolium (19, 18, 17) (Red-leaved dandelion)
Tellima grandiflora (18)
Thalictrum aquilegifolium (18)
Tigridia pavoniana (18)
Tradescantia ohiensis (18)
Tricyrtis spp.  (17)
Trifolium rubens (18)
Trillium erectum (18)
Trillium erectum “Cream” (17)
Tulbaghia violacea (18)
Urtica circularis (18)
Urtica galeopsifolia (18) (Almost) stingless
Urtica gracilis (17)
Urtica kioviensis (18)
Urtica pilulifera (18)
Valeriana officinalis (17)
Viburnum cassinioides (19)
Viola cornuta Alba (17)
Viola pumila (19)
Youngia japonica (18)


American Land Cress
Artichoke “Violet de Provence” (18)
Bean ”Klosterbønner” (17) Norwegian heirloom (Phaseolus vulgaris)
Beetroot “Albino White” (18)
Beetroot “Boltardy” (18)
Beetroot “Rhonda” (18)
Broad Bean “Kokkosenkyla” (18) NGB11518
Broccolini (17)
Broccoli Raab (Cima de rapa) “Dietrich’s” (15) (Flowering turnip tops)
Broccoli Raab (Cima de rapa) “Foglia d’ulivo” (16) (Flowering turnip tops)
Broccoli Raab (Cima de rapa) “Quarantina” (16) (Flowering turnip tops)
Broccoli Raab (Cima de rapa) “Sessantina” (16) (Flowering turnip tops)
Capsicum “Indoor chili” (17)
Capsicum “Midnight Sun chili” (17)
Capsicum “Sibirsche Hauspaprika” (17)
Capsicum “Thai Sun” (17)
Chicory “Barba di Cappuccino” (15)
Chicory “Bianca” (15)
Chicory “Catalogna Frastagliata” (15)
Chicory “Catalogna Gigante di Chioggia” (15)
Chicory “Da Taglio Bionda a Foglie Larghe” (16)
Chicory “Italian Dandelion” (17)
Chicory “Rossa vi Verona sel. Arca” (18)
Coriander “Leaf” (18)
Cornsalad “Baron” (16)
Endive (16)
Endive “Cornet de Bordeaux” (16)
Kale “Asturian Tree Cabbage” (18)
Kale “Couve Galega” (18)
Kale “Pentland Brig” (17)  (possibly cross with perennial kale
Leaf Beet “Perpetual Spinach” (17)
Lettuce “Jebousek” (19) Seed Savers Exchange
Lettuce “Oakleaf” (17)
Mustard Greens ‘’Giant Red”  (19, 18)
New Zealand Spinach (19)
Oriental Greens ‘Choy Sum Purple’ (15)
Oriental Greens ‘Choy Sum Purple Flowering’ (15)
Oriental Greens ‘Early Mibuna’ (14)
Oriental Greens ‘Frilly’ (13)
Oriental Greens ‘Leaf heading mustard’ (19) Seed Savers Exchange
Oriental Greens ‘Leaf Radish’ (14)
Oriental Greens ‘Misome’ (14)
Oriental Greens ‘Mispoona’ (16)
Oriental Greens “Red Mizuna”  (14)
Oriental Greens “Red Streaked Mizuna”  (14)
Oriental Greens “Swollen Stem Tsai Tsai Round” (12)
Pea “Carlin Pea” (18)
Pea “Golden Sweet” (17)
Pea “Robinson” (18)
Pea “Salmon Flowered Crown Pea” (18, 17, 16)
Pea “Sugar Magnolia” (19)
Pea “Winterkefer” (19)
Perennial Kale “Daubenton x Late Purple Flowering Broccoli” (17, 16, 14)
Perennial Kale “Daubenton x unknown Italian” (2016)
Perennial Kale “Daubenton grex” (2017) (near Pentland Brig and Nero di Toscana”
Perennial Kale Ex-“Heligoland Kale” (18) OP
Perennial Kale Ex-“Heligoland Kale” (18) From Kim Jacobsen in UK
Perennial Kale Ex-“Homesteaders Perennial Kale best selections” (18)
Perennial Kale Ex-“Ragged Jack x Heligoland” (17)
Perennial Kale Ex-“Tree Collards” (19) OP
Physalis “Konditer” (18)
Quinoa “Stephe” (19)
Rocket (Diplotaxis tenuifolia) “Dragon’s Tongue” (16)
Rocket (Diplotaxis tenuifolia) “Wildfire” (16)
Rocket (Diplotaxis tenuifolia) “Rustic Style” (16)
Rocket (Diplotaxis erucoides) “Wasabia Arugula” (16)K
Shungiku (Chrysanthemum greens) (18)
Shungiku (Chrysanthemum greens) “Double White” (19)
Tomatillo (Physalis philadelphica; purple) (18)
Tomato “Chocolate Plum” (18)
Tomato “German Pink” (SSE) (19)
Tomato “Matt’s Wild Tomato” (18)

Mountaineer Perennial Rye

Back in the 2000s most of the interesting amateur plant breeding work was discussed on the Homegrown Goodness forum. That was the first time I heard about work on developing perennial grains through crossing modern day varieties of rye and wheat with perennial relatives. In particular, there was Tim Peters’ Perennial Grain Project in Oregon and one of the first releases was his Mountaineer Perennial Rye developed through crossing perennial wild mountain rye Secale montanum with modern rye Secale cereale.
Although I had no ambitions to work on breeding grains, but along with perennial vegetables, it opened new possibilities for climate-friendly grain production with plants that could potentially produce over several successive seasons, requiring much less energy input, and with their extensive root systems requiring both less fertiliser and irrigation and hence more robust to climate extremes with less erosion.
Reports were that although lower yielding, they were shatter resistant, easily threshed and good for poor soils: it was reported that it tends to live longer on poorer soils (2-4 years on rich soils, 7 to 8 on poorer soils).

I was keen to try Mountaineer in my climate with significantly colder winters than in Oregon and where it had been tested in France and the Netherlands in Europe. I finally got hold of seed in 2013, but didn’t get round to sowing the seed until spring 2015 (in retrospect, I could have autumn sown) and planted 7 plants in June 2015. The plants proved hardy enough and overwintered twice, flowered well but all the plants seemed to be sterile. They died winter 2017-2018. I decided to try again and about 10 new plants were planted in May 2018. Now this autumn I finally got a small yield (pictures). I will offer a few seeds to members of Norwegian Seed Savers (KVANN) through our yearbook in February and plant a larger number of plants in KVANN’s Vegetable Sanctuary at Væres Venner next autumn!
I don’t know what the status is today with Tim Peters’ grain breeding work. He was also working with wheat and sorghum. Let me know if you know!


Yew for redwing

I planted a yew (Taxus x meda “Hicksii”) next to the kitchen window mainly for the birds some 20 years ago and the berries  regularly attract blackbirds, fieldfares, robin, blackcap, waxwings and as here a redwing only about 1-2m from me!
Norsk: Svarttrost, gråtrost, rødstrupe, munk, sidensvans og rødvingetrost!

Waxwings: soon on the way south?

I also grow Viburnum opulus (krossved) near to the house. This is an uncommon wild species around here. The berries aren’t the first choice for waxwings (sidensvans), but keep the birds around later in the year as they start on them as soon as other berries they prefer are gone. These berries are now gone (a flock of 300 birds doesn’t take long).

Here the waxwings join a large flock of bramblings (bjørkefink) and a few other species at the feeding station.