Slender nettle

Urtica gracilis (often classified as a subspecies of stinging nettle,Urtica dioica subsp. gracilis) is a widespread nettle species in North America including Canada and Alaska. It has many local names including slender nettle, California nettle and American nettle. This year, my tallest nettle is currently over 2.9m high!

It was (and is) an important plant of the first peoples throughout the continent from Vermont to Alaska,used as a vegetable, medicinally and, most importantly as a fibre plant, including fishing nets!.
One native use I noted was “Rubbed on the bodies of sealers to keep them awake at night” :) (Moerman’s Native American Ethnobotany has a long list of uses)
My slender nettle has almost no stinging hairs, and, in general, has much less than stinginess
than the introduced Urtica dioica subsp. dioica (Stinging Nettle) and Laportea canadensis (Wood Nettle; see my book Around the World in 80 plants).
It is unisexual ( I seem to have just one sex as it doesn’t produce seeds…)

Perennial puha, Sonchus kirkii in Malvik

Sonchus kirkii is the original perennial sow thistle (puha) of the Maori which I’ve long wanted to try (see the account in my book Around the World in 80 plants of this species and annual super(healthy)weed Sonchus oleraceus which replaced it in Maori kitchens! Probably not hardy here, I overwintered it inside having finally layed my hand on some seed! Variously known as  puha, shore puha or New Zealand sow thistle (syn. Sonchus asper var. littoralis), its habitat is described by the New Zealand Plant Conservation Network as “Coastal. Usually on cliff faces in or around damp seepages where it often grows with the blue green alga Nostoc and fern Blechnum blechnoides. This species has a distinct preference for base rich rocks such as basalt, calcareous mudstones, siltstones, limestone or apatite-rich greywacke faces. On some offshore islands this species extends up into coastal scrub and herbfield. It occasionally grows on stabilised sand dunes. Indications are that this species once occupied a wider range of habitats but has retreated to those less suited to other faster growing introduced weeds.”
I will hopefully eat it for the first time next summer!
NZPCN states that “Easily distinguished from all the other naturalised Sonchus species by the very large, glaucous, non-spinose leaves” (this includes S.arvensis –perennial sow thistle and annuals S. asper and S. oleraceus)
Meanwhile, here are a few pictures:

158 ingredient salad list

The 17th September 2017 158 ingredients salad ingredients list :)


Adenophora liliifolia (flower)
Aegopodium podagraria; Ground Elder / Skvallerkål
Agastache foeniculum; Anise Hyssop; Anisisop
Agastache foeniculum alba; Anise Hyssop; Anisisop
Allium “Summer Beauty”; Flowers
Allium angulosum; Mouse Garlic; Leaves
Allium carinatum pulchellum; Keeled Garlic/ Rosenløk; Flowers and leaves
Allium cepa; salad onion; vårløk *2
Allium cernuum; Nodding Onion/Prærieløk
Allium cernuum “Dark Form”; Nodding Onion /Prærieløk
Allium fistulosum; Salad Onion; Vårløk *3
Allium fistulosum “Gribovskiy 21″; Welsh onion; Salad onion / Pipeløk; Vårløk
Allium flavum (flowers)
Allium mairei (flowers)
Allium nutans “Caroline”; Blue Chives / Sibirsk nikkeløk
Allium regelianum; Flower
Allium sativum “Estonian Red”; Garlic / Hvitløk; Bulb and topsets
Allium schoenoprasum; Chives/ Gressløk; Flower
Allium senescens x nutans hybrid; flower
Allium thunbergii; Flowers
Allium tuberosum; Garlic Chives / Kinagressløk; Flower
Allium wallichii; Sherpa onion; Leaves
Aloysia citriodora; Lemon Verbena / Sitronverbena
Anethum graveolens; Dill
Apium graveolens var secalinum “HDRA Leaf Celery”; Leaf Celery / Bladselleri
Artemisia dracunculus sativa “Tysk”; Tysk Tarragon / Tysk estragon
Atriplex hortensis “Gold”; Orach / Hagemelde
Atriplex hortensis rubra; Orach / Hagemelde
Barbarea vulgaris ssp vulgaris; Yellow Rocket/Wintercress; Vinterkarse; Flowers
Barbarea vulgaris variegata; Yellow Rocket/Wintercress; Vinterkarse
Begonia *3 (flowers)
Bellis perennis “Double Mix”; Daisy ; Tusenfryd
Beta cicla occidentalis; Swiss Chard; Mangold
Beta vulgaris ssp maritima; Sea Beet; Vill Bete
Borago officinalis; Borage, Agurkurt; Flower
Borago officinalis alba; Borage; Agurkurt; Flower
Brassica oleracea “Daubenton Variegated grex”
Brassica oleracea “Daubenton” “D’Aubenton”
Brassica oleracea “Daubenton” “D’Aubenton” x Laciniato F2
Brassica oleracea “Daubenton” “D’Aubenton” x Late sprouting Broccoli
Brassica oleracea “Ehwiger Kohl” (syn “Eiiwig Moes”); Eternal kale
Brassica oleracea “Molly’s Red”; Kale / grønnkål
Brassica oleracea “Tree Collards”, perennial tree kale / flerårige kål
Brassica rapa “Kvitmainepe Hellerud” NGB 11561; Turnip /Nepe
Bunias orientalis; Turkish Rocket; Russekål
Calamintha grandiflora;Large-flowered Calamint / Rosenmynte; Flowers
Calamintha nepeta; Lesser Calamint; Legecalamint; Flowers
Campanula persicifolia ; Peach-leaf Bellflower / Fagerklokke; Flowers
Campanula persicifolia “Alba”; Peach-leaf Bellflower / Fagerklokke; Flowers
Campanula rapunculoides; Creeping Bellflower / Ugrassklokke; Flowers
Campanula rapunculus; Rampion /Rapunkelklokke; Flowers
Campanula trachelium; Nettle-leaved Bellflower / Nesleklokke; Flowers
Cardamine hirsuta; Hairy Bittercress / Rosettkarse
Cichorium intybus; Chicory /Sikkori; Leaves *4; Flowers *1
Cirsium erisithales; Yellow Melancholy Thistle; Flowers
Clinopodium vulgare; Wild Basil /Kransmynte; Flowers and leaves
Commelina coelestis; Blue Spider Wort / KnollhimmelBlomst/Dagblomst; Flower and leaves
Commelina coelestis alba; Blue Spider Wort; KnollhimmelFlower/Dagblomst; Flower and leaves
Coriandrum sativum; Cilantro/Coriander /Bladkoriander; Flowers and leaves
Crambe maritima; Sea Kale /Strandkål
Cryptotaenia canadensis; Honewort; From Mt. Tom, Woodstock, Vermont
Cryptotaenia japonica “Oosaka Shorogiku”; Mitsuba; Japanese Parsley / Mitsuba; Japansk Persille; Leaves and flowers
Cryptotaenia japonica atropurpurea; Mitsuba; Japanese Parsley /Mitsuba; Japansk Persille
Daucus carota; Carrot / Gulrot; Root
Fagopyrum acutatum; Perennial Buckwheat; Chinese knotweed; Flowers and leaves
Hemerocallis altissima; Day Lily / Daglilje; Flowers
Hemerocallis fulva ”Kwanso Double”; Common Day Lily / Brundaglilje; Flower and flower bud
Hosta “Chinese Sunrise” ; Flower
Impatiens glandulifera; Jewelweed; Himalayan Balsam / Prydspringfrø; Flower
Impatiens glandulifera alba; Jewelweed; Himalayan Balsam / Prydspringfrø; Flower
Lactuca sativa; lettuce / salat *3
Lavatera arborea ; Tree Mallow; Flowers and leaves
Lavatera arborea variegata; Tree Mallow; Flowers and leaves
Lilium lancifolium; Tiger Lily / Tigerlilje; Flowers
Lycopersicon; tomato / tomat “Hundreds and Thousands”, “Ilse’s Orange Latvian” , “Olijf” and “Golden Kønigin”
Malva moschata; Musk Mallow / Moskuskattost; Flowers and leaves
Malva moschata alba; Musk Mallow / Moskuskattost; Flowers and leaves
Malva alcea “Fastigiata” (hollyhock mallow / rosekattost)
Melissa officinalis; Lemon Balm / Sitronmelisse
Monarda didyma “Adam”; Bee Balm / Vanlig hestemynte; EtasjeFlower; Flowers
Ocimum basilicum; basil (green)
Oenanthe javanica, Water Dropwort, Seri
Origanum vulgare; Oregano /Bergmynte; Flowers *3
Oxalis articulata “Pink Wood Sorrel”
Oxalis magellanica
Oxalis tuberosa; Oca; Leaves
Petroselinum crispum; Parsley / Persille
Phaseolus coccineus; Runner Beans / Stangbønner, Red and white flowers
Pisum sativum “Carouby de Maussane”, Pea /Ert
Pisum sativum “Engelsk Sabel”, Pea /Ert
Pisum sativum “Golden Sweet”, Pea /Ert
Pisum sativum “Hurst Green Shaft”, Pea /Ert
Pisum sativum “Magnum Bonum”, Pea /Ert
Pisum sativum “Purple Podded”; Pea /Ert
Pisum sativum “Sugar Snap”; Pea /Ert
Plantago major atropurpurea; Greater Plantain / Groblad; Leaves
Plantago major rosularis; Greater Plantain / Groblad; Leaves
Raphanus sativus “D’Avignon”; Radish / Reddik *2 (Flower)
Ribes divaricatum “Worcesterberry”; Coastal Black Gooseberry, Spreading Gooseberry / Svartstikkelsbær; Berry
Ribes nigrum; Blackcurrant / Solbær; Berry
Ribes x culverwellii; Jostaberry / Jostabær; Berry
Rubus fruticosus; Blackberry / Bjørnebær; Berry
Rubus idaeus “Unknown”; Raspberry / Bringebær; Berry
Rubus occidentalis “Black Hawk”; Black Raspberry / Svartbringebær; Berry
Rumex acetosa; Sorrel / Engsyre
Rumex acetosa “Belleville”; Sorrel / Engsyre
Rumex acetosa vinealis; Wine Sorrel / Engsyre
Rumex patientia; Herb Patience / Hagesyre
Rumex scutatus “Silver Shield”; Buckler-leaved Sorrel / Fransksyre
Salvia microphylla; Blackcurrant Sage / Solbærsalvie; Flowers
Sanguisorba canadensis; American Great Burnet; Flowers
Sanguisorba minor; Salad Burnet / Pimpernell
Scorzonera hispanica; Scorzonera /Scorsonerrot; Svartrot; Flower
Sedum “Carl”; Flowers
Sium sisarum; Skirret /Sukkerrot; Flowers
Sonchus oleraceus; Common sow thistle / haredylle; leaf and flower
Sorbus aucuparia; Rowan /Rogn; Berry
Stellaria media; chickweed / vassarve
Tradescantia virginiana; Spiderwort / Dagblom; Flower
Trifolium pratense; Red Clover /Rødkløver; Flower
Tropaeolum majus; Nasturtium / Blomkarse
Tulbaghia violacea; Society Garlic; Leaves
Vicia faba; Broad Beans / Bondebønne; Young pod
Viola sororia “Rubra”; Wooly Blue Violet / Søsterfiol; Leaves
Viola tricolor; Heartsease / Stemorsblom, Natt og Dag; Leaves and flowers


Edibles & ornamental plants

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