Category Archives: Butterflies and moths

Second speckled wood

The second observation of speckled wood (skogringvinge) here and still the only place this species has been seen on this (the south) side of the fjord (see the map of observations). Last time, it was a somewhat worn butterfly in July, this time a nice fresh looking individual. Numerous grass species are the larval food plants. Here’s the post about the first record here in Malvik in 2018: http://www.edimentals.com/blog/?p=18413

Moths in The Edible Garden

NB! The album and information at the bottom will be added to over the next couple of months (or more)
When I was a student in Edinburgh in the late 70s, I started in earnest to learn the names of birds, butterflies and wild plants. Then, when I moved to Norway I became interested in fungi, but really didn’t have the time to learn more than the common and edible species. In the 1990s, developing what has become known as The Edible Garden, essentially a Forest Garden or Food Forest with a huge diversity of edible plants, a kind of Food Forest Ethno-Botanical Garden. I noticed that, with the diversity of food plants in the garden, there were many pollinators attracted to the flowers of some of the plants, some attracted to one species, others to many different plants. Some uncommon in this area birds and butterflies started turning up in my garden like a) the goldfinch (stillits) attracted to the seed of greater burdock / borre (Arctium lappa) which I had planted as a vegetable and b) the peacock butterfly (dagpåfugløye) which had only once been observed in my county before and I registered this beautiful species many times between 2006-2010; one of its larval foodplants is stinging nettle, a species I had actively encouraged in the wild parts of the garden as food and for making fertilizer (nettle water) and another is hops (Humulus lupulus) which I had planted several plants of. I had also planted a couple of Buddleja davidii (butterfly bush /sommerfuglbusk) plants for the butterflies. Mum and Dad had a bush in their garden when I was growing up and they had a framed butterfly poster on the wall so that the butterflies that turned up could be identified. This and the I-SPY book about birds they bought us certainly tweeked my interest in the natural world. The peacocks loved the Buddleja as well as the hemp agrimony (Eupatorium cannabinum) I had grown from seed collected from plants growing on the Itchen River in Hampshire (I had noticed how much butterflies loved this one) and which continued the season after the Buddleja was finished. I started wondering what other interesting insects were here. I had recorded a few moths that were attracted to the outside light, but I’d always wanted to know more of what was here that I wasn’t seeing. I therefore bought a Skinner Moth Trap and through the Corona crisis I’ve been systematically documenting moths that turn up in my garden (the moths are released afterwards). I’ve been absolutely stunned by the diversity that is here and to find out that a moth is here because I planted the larval food plant is particularly exciting. I’ll be gradually presenting the different species in this album as they turned up in the garden through the season starting in April. Below the album can be found a complete list of species and information about their larval food plants.
14th February 2021: A peculiarity of living so far north is that it is so light at night that moths are no longer attracted to light, so the period around mid-summer isn’t well documented.
19th February 2021: 19 of the first 25 species are new for my munipality, Malvik Kommune*  the others all have between 1 to 3 records previously!

The intention here is to document that producing food CAN be done in a way that also nurtures the nature of the place. 

Moth List
1. Autumn Green Carpet / Lysirrmåler (Chloroclysta miata); registered from 7th-9th April and 12th September. Females overwinter; pupates in plant debris. Larval food plants: sallows (Salix), birches, alder, limes, wild roses, rowan and bilberry (selje, bjørk, or, lind, ville roser, rogn og blåbær); all of these can be found in my garden. NEW SPECIES FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE*
2. The Hebrew Character / Buemerket Seljefly (Orthosia gothica); 8th-23rd April. Overwinters in an underground coccoon with adult perfectly formed inside. Feeds on Salix flowers (Salix caprea grows in my garden). Larval food plants: a wide range of trees, bushes and herbaceous perennials including both meadowsweet (mjødurt) and stinging nettle (brennesle) which are both in the garden. NEW SPECIES FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE*
3. Common Quaker / Tverrlinjet Seljefly (Orthosia cerasi); April. Overwinters in an underground coccoon with adult perfectly formed inside. Feeds on Salix and Backthorn flowers. Larval food plants: oaks, Salix, birch, elms, hawthorn, sweet chestnut and hazel (all in the garden). NEW SPECIES FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE*
4. The Chestnut / Variabelt Flatfly (Conistra vaccinii); 8th – 21st April/ 3rd-11th October.  Overwinters as adult. Feeds on Salix catkins and overripe berries. Larval food plants: oaks,  elms, blackthorn, birch, sweet chestnut and docks (Rumex) (all in the garden). NEW SPECIES FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE*
5. Yellow Horned / Vårhalvspinner (Achlya flavicornis); 20th-21st April. Overwinters as a pupa in a coccoon among leaves on the ground.  Feeds on Salix catkins. Larval food plants: Birch (Betula spp.) (in the garden). NEW SPECIES FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE*
6. Clouded Drab / Variabelt Seljefly (Orthosia incerta); 20th-22nd April. Overwinters in an underground coccoon with adult perfectly formed inside. Feeds on Salix catkins and blackthorn flowers (both in the garden). Larval food plants: Many broadleaved trees including oaks and Salix. NEW SPECIES FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE*
7. Early Tooth-striped / Bjørketungemåler (Trichopteryx carpinata); 20th April. Overwinters as a pupa, Feeds on Salix catkins. Larval food plants: Salix, birches, honeysuckle and alder (all found in the garden). NEW SPECIES FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE*
8. Red Sword-grass / Svartkantkvistfly (Xylena vetusta); 20th April and 21st-28th August. Overwinters as adult under bark and between rocks. Feeds on Salix catkins in spring. Larval food plants: Many woody and herbaceous plants including bog myrtle (Myrica gale) which is in the garden, heathers, yellow iris, sedges and rushes. SECOND RECORD FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE* (the last in 1955).
9. Red Chestnut / Fiolett Vårfly (Cerastis rubricosa); 20th April to 2nd May. Overwinters as pupa in a tough silk-lined cocoon. Larval food plants; Herbaceous and woody plants including bedstraws (Galium spp.), Salix spp. and bilberry (blåbær). NEW SPECIES FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE*
10. The Rannoch Sprawler / Vårlurvefly (Brachionycha nubeculosa); 20th April. Overwinters as a pupa underground (perhaps for more than a year). Larval food plants: Mature birch (bjørk) trees (there are some nice old birch trees in the garden). NEW SPECIES FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE*
11. Softly’s Shoulder-knot / Grått Kappefly (Lithophane consocia); 21st-22nd April. Overwinters as adult. Larval food plants: On alders / or (Alnus) especially Alnus incana (grey alder / gråor) (both single trees of Alnus rubra and Alnus viridis in the garden; Alnus incana is found wild just outside the garden and is a common tree). NEW SPECIES FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE*
12. The Satellite / Bølgefly (Eupsilia transversa); 21st April to 2nd May; 30th September. Overwinters as adult. A variety of broad-leaved trees and shrubs including blackthorn, hawthorn, hazel, field maple, sweet chestnut and elms (all of which are found in the garden). Notice the two small orange satellite dots around the large one, hence the English name. NEW SPECIES FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE*
13. Pine beauty / Furufly ( Panolis flammea); 22nd April. Overwinters as a pupa in a flimsy cocoon in leaf litter or beneath bark cracks. Larval food plants: Pinus spp. (one Norwegian pine, Pinus sylvestris in the garden, otherwise a common species in this area). Feeds especially on new shoots. NEW SPECIES FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE*
14. Scalloped Hazel / Tannmåler (Odontopera bidentata). 16th-22nd June. Overwinters as a pupa. Larval food plants: A wide range of woody plants including hazel, birch , hawthorn, blackthorn, oak, willows, barberry and even conifers (all in the garden). NEW SPECIES FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE*
15. The Streamer / Fiolett Rosemåler (Anticlea derivata). 16th June. Overwinters as a pupa in a coccoon in loose earth. Larval food plants: Roses (Rosa spp.) (about 7 or 8 species in the garden). NEW SPECIES FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE*
16. The Double-striped pug / knoppmåler (Gymnoscelis rufifasciata); 17th June; 8th-21st August. Overwinters in a pupa in plant debris. Larval food plants: flowers of many plants including holly, ivy, gorse, broom, heather, rowan, Clematis vitalba, Buddleja, Rosa spp., sea aster, Origanum vulgare (all apart from the first 4 are in the garden). NEW SPECIES FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE*
17. Brimstone Moth / Sitronmåler (Opisthograptis luteolata); 21st June. Some overwinter as part grown larvae on foodplant, others as pupae in cocoons on the plant or in debris below the plant. Larval food plants: Blackthorn, hawthorn, plums, rowan and wayfaring tree (Viburnum) (all found in the garden); note that the second picture was taken in my living room on 21st January 2014, one of only two observations of this moth as an adult in winter in Norway. SECOND RECORD FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE* (the other also recorded here).
18. Silverground carpet / Hvit Båndmåler (Xanthorhoe montanata); 21st June – 8th July. Overwinters as a larva. Larval food plants: Herbaceous plants such as cleavers, hedge bedstraw and primrose (all in the garden). FOURTH RECORD FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE* 
19. Brown Rustic / Skyggefly (Charanyca ferruginea); 21st June to 11th July. Overwinters as a larva. Larval food plants: a wide range of herbaceous plants including vetches, plantains, docks and bistort (all and a good range of these can be found in the garden). NEW SPECIES FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE*
20. Mottled Beauty / Skogbarkmåler (Alcis repandata). 24th June to 21st August. Overwinters as a small larva on the food plant. Larval food plants: Many woody plants including blackthorn, hawthorn, oaks, birches, barberry, bilberry, bramble, honeysuckle, traveller’s joy (Clematis vitalba), juniper, Norway spruce. Also herbaceous plants such as St. John’s Wort, yarrow, wild Angelica and docks (first time registration in Malvik Kommune). NEW SPECIES FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE*
21. Beautiful Golden Y / Fiolettbrunt metallfly (Autographa pulchrina). 24th June to 3rd September. Overwinters as a small larva among leaf litter. Larval food plants: Various herbaceous plants including nettles, hedge woundwort (Stachys sylvatica), wood avens and honeysuckle (all can be found in the garden). SECOND RECORD FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE*
22. Small Magpie / Nesleengmott (Anania hortulata); 24th June to 18th July. Larval food plants: Nettles and occasionally other members of the Lamiaceae such as white horehound (Marrubium vulgare), black horehound (Ballotta nigra), woundworts (Stachys) and mints (Mentha) in a rolled or spun leaf (all of these can be found in the garden). SECOND RECORD FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE*
23. Dog’s Tooth / Brunt lundfly (Lacanobia suasa); 25th June. Overwinters as pupa underground. Larval food plants: Greater plantain (Plantago major) and goosefoots (Chenopodium). (both found in the garden). 
24. Common carpet / Grå mauremåler (Epirrhoe alternata); 26th June. Overwinters as a pupa in a cocoon on the ground. Larval food plants: Cleavers (Galium aparine) and other bedstraws (Galium spp.). (several in the garden). SECOND RECORD FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE* (the last in 1986).
25. Flame carpet / Svartrandet båndmåler (Xanthorhoe designata); 26th June to 19th July. Overwinters as a pupa. Larval food plants: crucifers (Brassicaceae). NEW SPECIES FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE*
26. Map-winged swift / bregneroteter (Korscheltellus fusconebulosa); 27th June to 11th July. Overwinters twice as a larva and pupates underground. Larval food plants: on roots of bracken, red fescue and other broad-leaved herbs. (both common plants in this area) NEW SPECIES FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE*
27. Scalloped hook-tip / Fliksigdvinge (Falcaria lacertinaria); 27th June. Overwinters as a pupa in a cocoon in a folded leaf. Larval food plants: Birches (Betula spp.). NEW SPECIES FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE*
28. Liten kongledvergmåler (Eupithecia analoga); 28th June. Overwinters as a pupa. Lives on galls produced by aphids. Larval food plants: Norway spruce (Picea abies). NEW SPECIES FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE*
29. Riband wave / Vinkelengmåler (Idaea aversata); 27th June to 31st July. Overwinters as a small larva. Larval food plants: various herbaceous plants like bedstraws (Galium spp.), wood avens (Geum urbanum), primrose, dandelion and docks (Rumex spp.). SECOND RECORD FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE*
30. The Spectacle / Grått neslefly (Abrostola tripartita); 30th June. Overwinters as pupa among plant debris or low down behind bark. Larval food plant: Stinging nettle (Urtica dioica). NEW SPECIES FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE* (larva found near to the nettle Urtica gracilis on 2nd September)
31. Silver Y / Gammafly (Autographa gamma); 30th June to 11th October. A migratory moth which is very common here and a day flier visiting various garden plants, notably Buddleja and Monarda. Larval food plants: Wild and cultivated herbaceous plants including bedstraws (Galium), clovers (Trifolium) and Nettles (Urtica). Also on vegetables such as peas, cabbage and runner beans (but I haven’t experienced problems with it).
32. Garden pebble / Kålmott (Evergestis forficalis); 30th June to 15th July. Larval food plants: Various Brassicaceae including cabbages, horseradish, radishes and swede (all in the garden). NEW SPECIES FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE* in 2019 (Second record for Trøndelag county and furthest north record in Norway)
33. Purple clay / Rødfrynset teglfly (Diarsia brunnea); 1st to 14th July. Overwinters as a small larva. Larval food plants: Herbaceous plants in autumn including foxglove and figworts (Scrophularia spp.)  (both in the garden). In spring also on woody plants like bilberry, heather, Salix spp., bramble and birches (the last 3 in the garden). NEW SPECIES FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE*
34. Double dart / Krattfly (Graphiphora augur); 5th July to 8th August. Overwinters as a small larva. Larval food plants: Salix spp., birches, blackthorn, hawthorn and herbs such as docks (Rumex) (all in the garden). SECOND RECORD FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE* (first seen here in 2019)
35. The Snout / Neslenebbfly (Hypena proboscidalis); 7th July to 21st August. Overwinters as a larva. Larval food plant: Stinging nettle (Urtica dioica).
36. Shaded broad-bar / Brun bakkemåler (Scotopteryx chenopodiata); 7th-19th July. Overwinters as a larva. Larval food plants: Clovers (Trifolium spp.) and vetches (Vicia spp.) (both in the garden)
37. Bordered Pug / Burotdvergmåler (Eupithecia succenturiata); 8th July. Overwinters as pupa in loose earth. Larval food plants: Mugwort, wormwood, southernwood and yarrow (all in the garden). SECOND RECORD FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE.
38. Ingrailed clay / Skogteglfly (Diarsia mendica); 8th July. Overwinters as small larva close to the ground. Larval food plants: Herbaceous plants like primroses and violets (plenty in the garden); Woodly plants like bramble, heathers, bilberry, Salix, hawthorn, blackthorn and hazel (most of those in the garden). NEW SPECIES FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE*
39. Rustic shoulder-knot / Åkerengfly (Apamea sordens). 9th-11th July. Overwinters as a larva close to the ground. Larval food plants: Grasses including cock’s foot, couch grass and cereal crops, initially on seeds and then on leaves. NEW SPECIES FOR TRØNDELAG COUNTY (see the map below) and the northernmost record in Scandinavia. It was recorded at 63 deg N in Sweden in 2017. 

Showing the new northernmost record of Apamea sordens in Norway (small green dot near the top of the map; from Artskart) 

40. Large yellow underwing / Hagebåndfly (Noctua pronuba); 9th July to 11th October. Overwinters as a larva. Larval food plants: A wide range of herbaceous plants and grasses including docks (Rumex), cultivated Brassicas, marigold and foxglove (all in the garden). Very common species at the moth trap. SECOND RECORD FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE* (first seen here in 2019).
41. Small dotted buff / Sølvbunkefly (Photedes minima); 9th July. Overwinters as larva. Laval food plant: Tufted hair grass (Deschampsia cespitosa) (a common species in this area). NEW SPECIES FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE*
42. Light emerald / Løvskogmåler (Campaea margaritaria); 10th July. Overwinters as small larva. Larval food plants: Wide range of broadleaves trees and shrubs such as oaks, hawthorns, blackthorn, hazel, birch, elm, Salix, horse chestnut and sweet chestnut (all in the garden). NEW SPECIES FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE*
43. Pale-shouldered brocade / Busklundfly (Lacanobia thalassina); 1oth-11th July. Overwinters as a pupa in an underground coccoon. Laval food plants: Mainly woody plants such as oaks, hawthorns, apple, Salix, aspen, barberry and honeysuckle (all in the garden). NEW SPECIES FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE*
44. Yellow Shell / Gullmåler (Camptogramma bilineata); 10th July to 21st August. Overwinters as larva on food plant. Larval food plants: Cleavers and bedstraws (Galium spp.), wormwood (Artemisia), docks and sorrel (Rumex), dandelion (Taraxacum) etc. (all in the garden)
45. Tawny marbled minor / Rettlinjet engfly (Oligia latruncula); 10th July to 15th August. Overwinters as a larva. Larval food plants: Grasses incluing cock’s foot (Dactylis glomerata). SECOND RECORD FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE*
46. Small rivulet / Dålundmåler (Perizoma alchemillata); 10th to 31st July. Overwinters as a pupa underground. Larval food plants: Common hemp-nettle (Galeopsis tetrahit) and hedge woundwort (Stachys sylvatica). NEW SPECIES FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE*
47. Pale mottled willow / husfly (Caradrina clavipalpis); 11th July to 12th August. Overwinters as larva underground. Larval food plants: Grass seeds including cultivated cereals both growing and in storage. Also on seeds of plantains (Plantago) and garden pea (Pisum sativum). NEW SPECIES FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE*
48. Scarce brindle / Teglrødengfly (Apamea lateritia); 11th July.
Overwinters as a larva. Larval food plants: Roots of various grasses including sheep’s fescue (Festuca ovinia), tufted hair-grass (Deschampsia cespitosa) and wavy hair-grass (Avenella flexuosa) (two of the three common grasses in this area).
49. Garden pebble / Kålmott, Kålpyralide (Evergestis forficalis); 30th June to 15th July. Larval food plants: Various Brassicaceae such as cabbages, horseradish, radish and swedes. NEW SPECIES FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE*, SECOND RECORD FOR TRØNDELAG COUNTY (3 observations further north in Sweden in Umeå).
50. V-moth / Ripsbuemåler (Macaria wauaria); 12th July to 17th August. Overwinters as an egg on the food plant. Larval food plants: Blackcurrant, redcurrant and gooseberry.
51. Pale shining brown / Vinkelhakefly (Polia bombycina); 12th July.  Larval food plants: Different herbs such as docks (Rumex spp.) , deciduous trees and shrubs. NEW SPECIES FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE*, THIRD RECORD FOR TRØNDELAG COUNTY (only one observation further north, in 2016).
52. Elderberry pearl / Hyllengmott (Anania coronata); 12th to 21st July. Larval food plants: Elderberry, Viburnums, Lilac and Privets (all in the garden). NEW SPECIES FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE*, SECOND RECORD FOR TRØNDELAG COUNTY (only one observation further north, in 2015). See map below for records of this species in Norway (Artskart).


53. Burnished brass / Større båndmetallfly (Diachrysia chrysitis); 13th-31st July. Overwinters as a small larva near the ground. Larval food plants: most commonly on Stinging nettle (Urtica dioica), also on white dead-nettle (Lamium album), wild marjoram (Origanum vulgare), burdock (Arctium) and thistles (Cirsium). SECOND RECORD FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE*
54. Antler moth / Gressmarkfly (Cerapteryx graminis); 14th to 19th July. Overwinters as an egg which are scattered over grassland in flight. Larval food plants: Sheep’s fescue (Festuca ovina), Purple moor-grass (Molinia caerulea), Mat-grass (Nardus stricta) and sedges and rushes. SECOND RECORD FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE*
55. Scarce Silver Y / Skogmetallfly (Synographa interrogationis); 17th July to 2nd September. Overwinters as small larva. Larval food plants: Heather, Bilberry and Bog bilberry. THIRD RECORD FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE*
56. Pale straw pearl / Blekengmott (Udea lutealis); 17th July to 4th September. Larval food plants: Herbaceous plants like wild strawberry (Fragaria vesca), mugwort (Artemisia), bramble (Rubus) knapweeds (Centaurea) and plantains (Plantago) (all in the garden). THIRD RECORD FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE*
57. Great brocade / Mørkt skogfly (Eurois occulta); 28th July to 21st August. Overwinters as small larva. Larval food plants: Bog myrtle (Myrica gale), many herbaceous plants, also birch and Salix. SECOND RECORD FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE*
58. Rannoch looper / Brun buemåler (Macaria brunneata); 29th July. Overwinters as an egg. Larval food plants: Bilberry (Vaccinium myrtillus) and possibly cowberry (Vaccinium vitis-idaea) (both common plants around here). NEW SPECIES FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE*
59. Cryptic burnished brass / Mindre båndmetallfly (Diachrysia stenochrysis); 29th July to 1st August. Not well known life history, but probably similar to very closely related Diachrysia chrysitis: Overwinters as a small larva near the ground. Larval food plants: most commonly on Stinging nettle (Urtica dioica), also on white dead-nettle (Lamium album), wild marjoram (Origanum vulgare), burdock (Arctium) and thistles (Cirsium). NEW SPECIES FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE* (First in 2019)
60. Common rustic? /Gressfly (Mesapamea spp.); 29th July to 8th August. Overwinters as a larva. Larval food plants: Grasses including cock’s foot, tall fescue, tufted hair-grass and cereals; Hairy wood rush. NEW SPECIES FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE* (Genital details needed for ID)
61. Welsh wave / Rognemåler (Venusia cambrica); 1st August. Overwinters as larva in plant debris. Larval food plants: Mainly rowan and occasionally alders and birch (all in the garden). NEW SPECIES FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE*
62. Dun-bar / Gult rovfly (Cosmia trapezina); 30th July to 2nd September.Overwinters as an egg. Larval food plants: Most broad-leaved trees and shrubs; eats larvae of other species.
63. Swallow prominent / Seljetannspinner (Pheosia tremula); 30th July. Overwinters as a pupa underground. Larval food plants: Populus spp. amd Salix spp. (several in the garden). NEW SPECIES FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE* (FOURTH RECORD FOR TRØNDELAG COUNTY).
64. Grey mountain carpet / Grå bergmåler (Entephria caesiata); 30th July.  Overwinters as a small larva. Larval food plants: Heather, bilberry and cowberry. NEW SPECIES FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE*
65. Red carpet /Fiolett båndmåler (Xanthorhoe decoloraria); 30th July. Overwinters as a small larva. Larval food plants: Lady’s mantle (Alchemilla spp.) (in the garden). NEW SPECIES FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE*
66. Scalloped oak / Bølgemåler (Crocallis elinguaria); 30th July to 1st August. Overwinters as an egg on the food plant. Larval food plants: Hawthorn, blackthorn, bilberry, heather and many other broadleaved woody plants. THIRD RECORD FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE*
67. Clouded-bordered brindle / Kileengfly (Apamea crenata); 30th July. Overwinters  as a larva close to the ground. Larval food plants: Various grasses including cock’s foot. NEW SPECIES FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE*
68.  Pretty pinion / Flekkbåndmåler (Perizoma blandiata); 31st July. Overwinters as a pupa in an earth cocoon. Larval food plants: Eyebrights (Euphrasia spp.). NEW SPECIES FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE*
69. Garden carpet / Vårbåndmåler (Xanthorhoe fluctuata); 8th July to 15th September. Overwinters as a pupa underground. Larval food plants: Brassicaceae (cabbage family) including Garlic mustard (Alliaria petiolata), Shepherd’s purse (Capsella bursa-pastoris), Horseradish (Armoracia), Alyssum spp., Cultivated Brassica and nasturtiums (Tropaeolum). SECOND RECORD FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE*
70. Smoky wainscot / Brungult gressfly (Mythimna impura); 31st July.  Overwinters as a small larva. Larval food plants: Grasses including cock’s foot, common reed (Phragmites australis) and hairy woodrush. NEW SPECIES FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE*
71. Bedstraw hawk-moth / Mauresvermer (Hyles gallii); 6th August (crossing the cycle way close to the house…helped it over before it was squashed). Overwinters as a pupa (but probably not locally; migratory). Larval food plants: Bedstraws (Galium spp.), Rosebay willowherb (Chamerion angustifolium), madders (Rubia spp.) and Fuchsia. NEW SPECIES FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE*
72. Garden dart / Svartjordfly (Euxoa nigricans); 7th August. Overwinters as an egg on the food plant. Larval food plants: Herbaceous plants such as clovers (Trifolium), docks (Rumex) and plantains (Plantago) (plenty of those in the garden). NEW SPECIES FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE*
73. Six-striped rustic / Tverrlinjet bakkefly (Xestia sexstrigata); 7th August. Overwinters as a larva. Larval food plants: Hedge bedstraw (Galium), Plantain (Plantago), Bramble (Rubus), Bluebell and Water figwort (Scrophularia) (all in the garden). NEW SPECIES FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE*
74. Common wainscot /Halmgult gressfly (Mythimna pallens); 21st August. Overwinters as a small larva. Larval food plants: Grasses such as Tufted hair-grass, Annual meadow grass, Couch grass and Cock’s foot.
75. Amphipoea spp. (4 indistinguishable species, needs genitalia inspection)
76. Kobberfly (Chersotis cuprea); 7th to 18th August. Larval food plants: Asteraceae. THIRD RECORD FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE*
77. Phoenix / Hagebærmåler (Eulithis prunata); 8th to 21st August.  Overwinters as an egg on the food plant. Larval food plants: Blackcurrant, Redcurrant and Gooseberry (all in the garden). THIRD RECORD FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE*
78. Gold spangle / Storflekket metallfly (Autographa bractea); 8th August. Overwinters as a small larva. Larval food plants: Stinging nettle (Urtica dioica), White dead-nettle (Lamium album), ground ivy (Glechoma hederacea), bilberry and honeysuckle (Lonicera) (all in the garden). SECOND RECORD FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE*
79. Crescent / Brunt sumpfly (Helotropa leucostigma); 8th August. Overwinters as an egg. Larval food plants: Yellow Iris (Iris pseudacorus), Great fen-sedge (Cladium mariscus) and Purple moor-grass (Molinia caerulea) (Yellow Iris grows wild locally – I used to have it in the garden). NEW SPECIES FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE*
80. Dotted clay / Kantplettbakkefly (Xestia baja); 31st July to 12th August. Overwinters as a small larva. Larval food plants: Herbaceous plants such as stinging nettle (Urtica dioica) and, in spring, woody plants such as willows (Salix), birches (Betula), blackthorn (Prunus spinosa) and bog myrtle (Myrica gale) (all in the garden). THIRD RECORD FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE*
81. Twin-spot carpet / Hvitveislundmåler (Mesotype didymata); 8th August. Overwinters as an egg. Larval food plants: Wood anemone (Anemone nemorosa), Bilberry, Heather, Greater stitchwort (Stellaria holostea), Red campion (Silene dioica), willowherbs, cow parsley (Anthriscus sylvestris) (all apart from heather have been recorded in the garden). SECOND RECORD FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE*
82. Lyst klippefly (Epipsilia grisescens); 11th August (first seen in 2010). Larval food plants: Different grasses. THIRD RECORD FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE* 
83. Linjelundmåler (Mesotype parallelolineata). 11th August. Larval food plants: Various low plants including Galium, Rumex, Plantago and Taraxacum species. SECOND RECORD FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE*
84. July highflyer / Seljebuskmåler (Hydriomena furcata); 11th to 17th July. Overwinters as an egg on the food plant. Larval food plants: Salix, Hazel, Bilberry and Heather. THIRD RECORD FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE* 
85. Rosy rustic / Brunt stengelfly (Hydraecia micacea); 12th August to 5th October. Overwinters as an egg. Larval food plants: Rumex spp,  Ribwort plantain (Plantago lanceolata), Field woundwort (Stachys arvensis), potato, strawberry, hop (Humulus lupulus) and Burdock (Arctium). (Most of those in the garden).  SECOND RECORD FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE*
86. Siberian carpet / Flekkskogmåler (Dysstroma latefasciata); 12th August to 2nd September. Larval food plants: Bilberries (Vaccinium myrtillus and Vaccinium uliginosum), Cloudberry (Rubus chamaemorus), Wild strawberry (Fragaria vesca). NEW SPECIES FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE*
87. Dark arches / Stort engfly (Apamea monoglypha); 12th August to 29th September. Overwinters as an egg in a chamber amongst grass roots. Larval food plants: couch grass and cock’s foot. NEW SPECIES FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE* (a second find was made by someone else a few day’s later).
88. Juniper pug / Augustdvergmåler (Eupithecia pusillata); 13th August to 4th September. Overwinters as an egg on the food plant. Larval food plants: Junipers (Juniperus spp.).
89. Red-green carpet / Mørk irrmåler (Chloroclysta siterata); 13th August to 11th October. Overwinters as an adult (only the female). Larval food plants: Broad-leaved trees including oak, blackthorn, apple, cherries, roses, rowan, birch and lime. NEW SPECIES FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE* (in 2013) (second location recorded in 2020).
90. Green arches / Grønt skogfly (Anaplectroides prasina); 13th August. Overwinters as a larva. Larval food plants: Herbaceous and woody plants including primrose (Primula vulgaris), Rumex spp., honeysuckle (Lonicera), bramble and bilberry (all in the garden). SECOND RECORD FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE* (in 2019)
91. Blue-bordered carpet / Rubinmåler (Plemyria rubiginata); 17th to 21st August. Overwinters as an egg, in fork of a twig. Larval food plants: Alder, blackthorn; also birches, hawthorn, plums and apple (all in the garden). SECOND RECORD FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE* (in 2019)
92. Suspected / Rødlig løvfly (Parastichtis suspecta); 17th August to 4th September. Overwinters as an egg. Larval food plants: Birches (Betula), Salix, Populus. SECOND RECORD FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE* 
93. Northern spinach / Blåbærmåler (Eulithis populata); 18th to 21st August. Overwinters as an egg on the foodplant. Larval food plants: Bilberries. SECOND RECORD FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE*
94. Cameo / Flekkfly (Crypsedra gemmea); 18th August to 2nd September, Overwinters as an egg. Larval food plants: Tufted hair-grass, Timothy and other grasses. NEW SPECIES FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE*
95. Pine carpet / Fjærbarmåler (Thera firmata); 21st to 23rd August. Overwinters as an egg or a small larva on the larval food plant. Larval food plant: Norwegian (Scots) pine (Pinus sylvestris). NEW SPECIES FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE*
96. Barred chestnut / Augustteglfly (Diarsia dahlii); 21st August. Overwinters as a larva. Larval food plants: Bilberry, bramble, Salix spp., birches, also other woody and herbaceous plants like Rumex spp. NEW SPECIES FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE (and northernmost inland observation, only from outer coast further north).
97. Pink-barred sallow / Fiolett-båndet gulfly (Xanthia togata); 21st August to 29th September. Overwinters as an egg layed in rows on the food plant. Larval food plants: Catkins of Salix and Populus; later on herbaceous plants like docks (Rumex spp.). NEW SPECIES FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE.
98. Flounced chestnut / Rødt høstfly (Anchoscelis helvola); 17th August to 12th September. Overwinters as an egg on a twig or bark. Larval food plants: Broadleaved trees – oaks, elms, birches, willow (all in the garden)…also heather and bilberry. NEW SPECIES FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE (first in 2019).
99. Sallow / Blekt gulfly (Cirrhia icteritia); 29th August to 12th September. Overwinters as an egg layed near buds on the food plant. Larval food plants: Catkins of Salix and Populus; later on herbaceous plants like docks (Rumex spp.). NEW SPECIES FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE.
AND THEN IT WAS SUDDENLY HERE, THE HOLY GRAIL OF THE MOTHERS (It was totally unexpected and I was unprepared for its size, I discovered it when I checked my moth trap before I went to bed and it was still there in the morning) 
100. Blue underwing, Clifton nonpareil / Blått ordensbånd (Catocala fraxini); 6th September. Overwinters as an egg on the foodplant. Larval food plant: Aspen (Populus tremula). (several trees in the garden) SECOND RECORD FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE*
In the second video below, it flies up and we see it land in our largest aspen tree!


The next two are common here and difficult to separate, but I’ve had a go but I’m not certain
101. Common marbled carpet / Bueskogmåler (Dysstroma truncata). 23rd June to 29th August. Overwinters as a larva. Larval food plants: Salix spp., birches, bilberry, bramble, heathers, privet, hawthorn, also Rumex spp. (most in the garden). 
102. Dark marbled carpet / Vinkelskogmåler (Dysstroma citrata). 21st August. Overwinters as an egg. Larval food plants: Mainly woody plants like birches, heathers, bilberry, Salix spp.; also on wild strawberry (most in the garden). 
103. Green-brindled crescent / Irrfly (Allophyes oxyacanthae); 3rd to 15th September. Overwinters as an egg on a twig on the food plant. Larval food plants: Crataegus spp., blackthorn (Prunus spinosa), Crab apple (Malus), Dog-rose, plums, cotoneasters and rowan (all in the garden). NEW SPECIES FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE.
104. Grey pine carpet / Furubarmåler (Thera obeliscata); 28th August to 4th September. Overwinters as a larva. Larval food plants: Pine, Spruce and other conifers (both in the garden). NEW SPECIES FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE (first in 2019).
105. Bjørkemålere (Epirrita spp.); 23rd September. Larval food plants: Various broadleaved trees and bushes. NEW SPECIES (Genus) FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE
106. Scarce umber / Gulfrostmåler (Agriopis aurantiara); 28th September to 1st November. Overwinters as an egg on the food plant. Larval food plants: Birch, hazel, hawthorn, oak, dog-rose, elm, limes, Salix and hornbeam (all in the garden). NEW SPECIES FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE.
107. Winter moths / Høstmålere (Operophtera spp.); 28th to 29th September. Overwinters as an egg on the food plant. Larval food plants: Mostly birch; also alder, beech and fruit trees  (all in the garden). SECOND RECORD (this genus) FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE*
108. The Brick / Bølgelinjet høstfly (Sunira circellaris); 28th to 30th September. Overwinters as an egg next to buds of food plant. Larval food plants: Elm, aspen and other Populus, Salix and Ash (Fraxinus). NEW SPECIES FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE (here in 2019).
109. Pale pinion / Brunt kappefly (Lithophane socia); 30th September. Overwinters as an adult under loose bark. Larval food plants: oaks, Salix, birches, apple, horse chestnut, bramble and privet (all in the garden). NEW SPECIES FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE  SECOND RECORD FOR TRØNDELAG COUNTY.
110. Juniper carpet / Grå einerbarmåler (Thera juniperata); 3rd to 5th October. Overwinters as an egg on the food plant. Larval food plants: Junipers (Juniperus). (Juniperus communis is common in the forest). NEW SPECIES FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE.
111. December moth / Høstspinner (Poecilocampa populi); 3rd to 4th October. Overwinters as an egg on a twig. Larval food plants: Oaks, birch, elm, hawthorn, blackthorn, Populus, Salix. (all in the garden). NEW SPECIES FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE. 
112. Mottled umber / Stor frostmåler (Erannis defoliaria); 9th to 11th October. Overwinters as an egg on the food plant. Larval food plants: oaks, birches, hazel, hawthorns, blackthorn, apple, dog-rose, Salix, Acer, hornbeam, sweet chestnut and elms. (all in the garden) NEW SPECIES FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE. 
The last of the larger moths registered here in my little paradise over a year was a bit of a sensation, found inside my living room (I’ll continue after with some of the Micromoths)
113. Angle shades / Taggvingefly (Phlogophora meticulosa); 27th February 2021. Overwinters as a larva. Larval food plants: Nettle, hops (Humulus lupulus), red valerian (Centranthus ruber), Rumex spp., bramble, hazel, birches and oaks. Most common on barberry in UK (Berberis vulgaris) (all apart from Centranthus in the garden).  NEW SPECIES FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE. FIRST FIND AWAY FROM COASTAL TRØNDELAG (my county); and completely unique winter find, see the maps below. SImilarly in Sweden this moth hasn’t been found in winter north of Stockholm), Interestingly, the moth was found directly above sprigs of Berberis vulgaris that I had brought inside (put in water) for sprouting (picture). (I guess there aren’t many people that bring Berberis indoors in winter!)

Distribution of Leek Moth in Norway. The discovery of this species at Ringve Botanical Garden in Trondheim in November 2019 was a first in Trøndelag and never recorded before north of Lillehammer.
Distribution of leek moth in Norway. It was registered for the first time in Trøndelag at Ringve Botanical Garden in Trondheim in November 2019 and now also in my garden in Malvik.
Distribution of leek moth in Norway. It was discovered for the first time in Trøndelag county at Ringve Botanical Garden in Trondheim in November 2019, the first time north of Lillehammer and now also in my garden in Malvik,


All observations of Angle shades (taggvingefly) in Norway
All observations of Angle shades (taggvingefly) in Norway in February and March
Berberis vulgaris twigs in my living room.

MICROS
114. Mompha langiella; 3rd February and 24th November (inside). Larval food plants: Enchanter’s nightshade (Circaea), willowherbs (Epilobium spp. and Chamaenerion) (all in the garden). NEW SPECIES FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE. 
115. Agonopterix heracliana / ciliella  22nd February to 22nd May; 16th November (often seen indoors, coming in with the firewood). Larval food plants: Cow parsley (Anthriscus), Rough chervil (Chaerophyllum temulum), Hogweed (Heracleum spp.) and other Apiaceae. (all aprat from rough chervil in the garden). NEW SPECIES FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE (neither species recorded before).
116. White-shouldered house moth / Klistermøll (Endrosis sarcitrella). 7th April and 7th October. Feeds on dead animal and vegetable matter including stored cereals, rotten wood and dead insects. (not a serious pest here) NEW SPECIES FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE.
117. Diamond-back moth / Vandrekålmøll (Plutella xylostella); 26th May to 5th October. Larval food plants: Numerous plants in the Brassicaceae including cultivated vegetables (can cause serious damage to crops). 
118. Nettkjukemøll (Montescardia tessulatellus); 16th June. Larval food plants: birch polypore (fungi) (Fomitopsis betulina) (common in the forest here). SECOND RECORD FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE*
119. Dame’s Rocket Moth / Dagfiolkålmøll (Plutella porrectella). 18th June; 12th September to 4th October. Larval food plant: Dame’s violet (Hesperis matronalis) (since I moved here there’s always been a small patch in the garden). NEW SPECIES FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE*
120. Ryllikpraktvikler (Aethes smeathmanniana); 22nd June. Overwinters as larva amongst the seeds. Larval food plants: (sseds of) Yarrow (Achillea millefolium) and common knapweed (Centaurea nigra)  (yarrow in the garden). NEW SPECIES FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE*
121. Marbled orchard tortrix / Grå knoppvikler (Hedya nubiferana); 23rd to 26th June. Larval food plants: Hawthorn, crabapple, plums (all in the garden). NEW SPECIES FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE* (One of several species that mimic a bird dropping!)
122. Hoary bell / Tistelengvikler (Eucosma cana); 23rd June to 17th July. Larval food plants: thistles and common knapweed (several in the garden). NEW SPECIES FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE*.
123. Buskflatvikler / Jordbærflatvikler (Acleris laterana / Acleris comariana); 20th April (never recorded in April before in Norway; first picture); 12th August to 29th September. Larval food plants: Laterana – hawthorn, plums, blackthorn, roses, bramble, rowan, Salix and bilberry (all in the garden). Comariana: great burnet, marsh cinquefoil, water avens, wild strawberry, garden strawberry (most in the garden). NEW SPECIES (either) FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE*.
124. Hvithodebladvikler (Pandemis cinnamomeana); 25th June to 23rd August. Larval food plants: Birches, plums, larch, rowan and bilberry. (all apart from larch in the garden). NEW SPECIES FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE*.
125. Yellow-faced bell / Hagerosevikler (Notocelia cynosbatella); 25th June. Larval food plants: roses and bramble. (several in the garden). NEW SPECIES FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE*.
126. Dark strawberry tortrix / Olivenprydvikler (Celypha lacunana); 26th June. Larval food plants: Many herbaceous plants, occasionally trees adn shrubs. NEW SPECIES FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE*.
127. Dichrorampha spp.?; 26th June. Several similar species which are difficult to separate. Dull looking at first glance, but have a hidden beauty!
128. Garden grass-veneer / Årenebbmott (Chrysoteuchia culmella); 27th June. Larval food plants: Grasses at the base of culm. NEW SPECIES FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE*.
129. Yellow-spot tortrix / Askevikler (Pseudargyrotoza conwagana); 28th June. Larval food plants: ash (in the seeds) (in the garden). NEW SPECIES FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE*.
130. Spireaprydvikler (Celypha siderana); 28th June. Larval food plants: Spiraea spp. (there’s an old Spiraea hedge next to one of the neighbours). NEW SPECIES FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE*.
131. Parsnip moth or parsnip webworm (Depressaria radiella); Larvae and larval “webs” in June/July. Larval food plants: Hogweeds (Heracleum spp.) and Parsnip (Pastinaca sativa). (this is a “pest” to us that grow parsnips for seed and Heracleum seed as a spice). NEW SPECIES FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE* (but have had this in the garden for many years).
132. Red clover casebearer / Kløversekkmøll (Coleophora deauratella); 13th July. Larval food plant: Red clover (Trifolium pratense). (in the  garden) NEW SPECIES FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE*
133. Apple Fruit Moth / Rognebærmøll (Argyresthia conjugella); 15th July. Larval food plants: Rowans (Sorbus spp.) and apple (when rowan fails) (I experienced a lot of damage on my apple trees some years until I planted different Sorbus species in the garden; I haven’t had serious problems now for about 10 years. NEW SPECIES FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE* (it’s been in the garden here for at least 40 years).
134. Summer rose bell / Krattrosevikler (Notocelia roborana); 12th to 19th July. Larval food plants: Roses (several in the garden). SECOND RECORD FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE*
135. Leek moth / Purremøll (Acrolepiopsis assectella); 19th July to 16th November. Larval food plants: Onions (Allium) including leeks and garlic. (not too happy to have found this species in my garden  NEW SPECIES FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE* (First record for Trøndelag county at Ringve Botanical Garden in November 2019). 


Distribution of leek moth in Norway. It was discovered for the first time in Trøndelag county at Ringve Botanical Garden in Trondheim in November 2019, the first time north of Lillehammer and now also in my garden in Malvik.

136. Pentz’s tortrix / Praktskyggevikler (Eana penziana); 19th July. Larval food plants: sheep’s fescue and, on the coast, sea plantain (Plantago maritima), ribwort plantain (Plantago lanceolata) and sea thrift (Armeria maritima). (Plantago maritima and Armeria in the garden). NEW SPECIES FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE*.
137. Small birch bell / Svartflekket kveldvikler (Epinotia ramella); 31st July to 23rd August. Larval food plants: Birches. SECOND RECORD FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE*
138. Borkhausenia fuscescens? (uncertain ID); 29th July. Larval food plants: Leaf litter, also in bird’s nests and decaying conifer wood.
139. Golden leafroller moth / Rød flatvikler (Acleris holmiana); 30th July to 3rd September. Larval food plants: Hawthorn, roses, apples, pears, bramble, plums, blackthorn (all in the garden). SECOND RECORD FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE*
140. Bronze alder moth / Oreblomstmøll (Argyresthia goedartella); 30th July to 8th August. Larval food plants: Birches and alders, in buds or male catkins (both in the garden). NEW SPECIES FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE*
141. Cherry fruit moth / Kirsebærmøll (Argyresthia pruniella); 30th July 2020. Larval food plants: Cherries (young leaves, developing buds and occasionally fruits). SECOND RECORD FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE*
142. Apple leaf miner / Slyngminermøll (Lyonetia clerkella); 31st July. Larval food plants: Hawthorns, birches, apple, pear, plums, cherries, blackthorn, whitebeam, rowan, Cotoneaster and occasionally Salix and Hops (Humulus lupulus) (all in the garden apart from pear which grows locally). NEW SPECIES FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE*
143. Lobster-clawed moth (Hypatima rhomboidella); 1st August. Larval food plants: Birches and hazel (both in the garden). NEW SPECIES FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE*
144. Lead-coloured drab / Plettseljefly (Orthosia populeti); 16th April. Overwinters as a pupa in an underground coccoon. Larval food plants: Aspen and other Populus spp. (Aspen in the garden). NEW SPECIES FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE*
145. Agonopterix angelicella; 1st August. Larval food plants: Angelica and Heracleum. Also recorded on Laserpitium, Aegopodium, Pimpinella saxifraga and Pastinaca (all in the garden).  NEW SPECIES FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE*
146. Holly tortrix / Svartflekket hakevikler (Rhopobota naevana); 30th July to 8th August. Larval food plants: Many trees and shrubs including blackthorn and holly (both in the garden) and bilberry.  NEW SPECIES FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE*
147. Maple slender (Caloptilia jurateae); 7th August. Larval food plants: Norway maple (Acer platanoides) and Field maple (Acer campestre) (Norway maple is not native in this area of Norway, but has been planted in the past and is now relatively common and there’s one big tree and many small in the garden; there’s also a small field maple in the garden planted about 30 years ago). NEW SPECIES FOR TRØNDELAG COUNTY (this is the northernmost record in Norway by a long way – see the map – similarly in Sweden).
































148. Nut bud moth / Orekveldvikler (Epinotia tenerana); 7th to 30th August. Larval food plants: Hazel and alder (both in the garden). NEW SPECIES FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE*
149. Maple button / Lønneblomstflatviker (Acleris forsskaleana); 8thAugust to 4th September. Larval food plants: Sycamore and field maple (both in the garden). NEW SPECIES FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE*
150. Straw grass-veneer /Blekknebbmott (Agriphila straminella); 19th July. Larval food plants: Various grasses including sheep’s fescue. SECOND RECORD FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE*
151. Nonconformist / Porskappefly (Lithophane lamda); 18th April 2021. Feeds on Salix catkins (now in flower). Larval food plants: Bog myrtle (Myrica gale), bog bilberry, creeping willow (Salix repens) and poplars (Populus spp). NEW SPECIES FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE*
152. Chequered grass-veneer / Klippenebbmott (Catoptria falsella); 12th August. Larval food plants: Mosses incl. Syntrichia ruralis and Barbula spp.  NEW SPECIES FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE*
153. White-shouldered marble / Hvitflekket løvvikler (Apotomis turbidana); 13th August. Larval food plants: Birches. NEW SPECIES FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE* (and northernmost in Norway). Goes further north in Sweden.
154. Red-letter Flat-body (Agonopterix ocellana); 20th April 2021. Larval food plants: Salix spp. (Salix caprea in the garden). NEW SPECIES FOR MALVIK KOMMUNE*

*Malvik Kommune is the municipality where I live and includes an area of 168 sq km (65 sq miles). See
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Malvik

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Buddleja Butterflies

By chance, the best two plants in the garden for pollinating insects in late summer are growing together in the garden. The Clematis vitalba (old man’s beard / tysk klematis) is in the foreground in the picture below and is popular with hoverflies, droneflies and bumblebees. Behind is my largest (of 3 Buddlejas, butterfly bush /sommerfuglbusk). We had one when we were growing up in the back garden, where my interest in insects and nature started. As the name suggests, it is most popular with butterflies (and moths), but bumble bees are also commonly seen on it. The Clematis reaches up to the balcony which allows me to study the insects at close hand. Clematis vitalba was planted in the garden as the cooked young shoots are commonly eaten in spring in Italy and is therefore one of the best edientomentals (edible/for the insects/ornamental) you can plant. Buddleja davidii is not edible and is in the entomental category.
Although the total number of butterflies is lower this year as last year we experienced a major invasion of painted lady (tistelsommerfugl) butterflies (only 2 observations in the last month in this part of Norway), there is a good diversity of species and you’ll find pictures and videos of the following species below:
Red admiral / admiral (up to 4)
Small tortoiseshell / neslesommerfugl (7)
Dark green fritillary / aglajaperlemorvinge (1)
Brimstone / sitronsommerfugl (colonising this area and my 3rd record this summer)
Comma / hvit C
Small white? / liten kålsommerfugl
Green-veined whites / rapssommerfugl have also been very common this year.
A possible small blue (dvergblåvinge) was also seen in the garden on Allium wallichii on 21st August.

Unusual Pollinators

A dark green fritillary (aglaya perlemorvinge) and my second red-tailed bumlebee (steinhumle) on my Buddleja and Clematis vitalba (old man’s beard….not me!)



Parsnip moth

If you grow parsnip (pastinakk) for seed, you may have come across the parsnip moth or parsnip webworm (Depressaria radiata) as it can make an impact on seed harvest as it makes a silk structure amongst the inflorescences. Here it’s on its other important host, hogweed (Heracleum spp.) which I’m also letting flower for the seeds (golpar spice).

Check your nettles!

Making nettle water (fertiliser) this afternoon and I checked if there were any butterfly / moth larvae under the leaves, but I missed one and this beauty floated to the surface along with some tiny bugs. It’s the larva of the Comma butterfly (Hvit C).
I moved the larva back onto a nettle plant…

Brimstone butterfly and moth

Brimstone butterflies (sitronsommerfugl) have become much more common on the other side of the fjord in recent years and I saw one in the garden for the first time in 2009. I thought this would be a regular occurrence but it took another 11 years before the next one turned up yesterday feeding on lesser celandine (vårkål) in my forest garden. 
This reminded me that I’ve also recorded the brimstone moth (sitronmåler) here, in my living room on 25th January 2014!
31st May 2020: A second one turned up, on Lunaria annua (honesty)


Brimstone moth:


31st May 2020: A second brimstone butterfly turned up, here on Lunaria annua (honesty):